Abdallahi Abdurehman*, Shimelis Mengistu, Nigusie Barassa and Nuredin Mohammed
College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Abdallahi Abdurehman, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
Received: July 23, 2020; Published: Augst 12, 2020
This study was conducted in Wondo Genet, Sidama Zone, SNNPRS, Ethiopia from November 2017 to May 2018 to assess toxic plants which well-known among society of the area, potential to cause intoxication of livestock and its significant impacts on livestock producers. Totally, 300 individuals composed of 260 animal owners, 15 animal health practitioners, 13 especially selected knowledgeable people and 12 traditional animal healers were interviewed based on structured questioner. Out of 300 individuals 245 (81.7%) were declared the existence of poisonous plants. During assessment of presence of impacts on livestock producers in different ways 110 (44.9%) of them complained its presence but 135 (55.1%) only heard such impacts from the others and knew the presence of such plants and some information about it. During field visit 30 poisonous plants that suggested by those respondents were collected. From these plants, Amaranthus spp. Aspera (21.2%), Oxalis corniculate (17.6%), Prunus africana (10.2%), “gaggassa’’ (local name) (8.6%), ‘‘haruufichcho’’ (grass sp.) (8.2%), Euphorbia cotinifolia (3.7%), Ricinus communis (3.3%), Brucea antidysenterica (2.9%), Lantana camara (2.5%), Medicago sativa (2.5%) were complained as cause of toxicity frequently. Season of the year and reason why animal consume the poisonous plants were some of conditions which known to aggravate the exposure of livestock to poisonous plants. In this study, rainy season was documented as main season of the year plant poisoning occur and purposeful consumption also accounts majority from reasons why animal consume. The study also indicate that bovine was more susceptibly for number of poisonous plants 25 (83.3%) and followed by ovine for 18 (60.0%), caprine for 17 (56.7%), equine for 4 (13.3%) and all livestock species for 2 (6.7%) as suggested. Bloat, diarrhea, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, skin lesion/irritation or alopecia, vomiting, abortion, photosensitization, bloody urine and death are mainly and frequently raised adverse effects of poisonous plants. As this assessment shows, there are poisonous plants and impacts on livestock producers at study area; that needs involvement of responsible individuals to do further studies on identification of poisonous plant and extraction of ingredients in it and find solution to alleviate the outcome of poisonous plants.
Keywords: Impacts; Livestock; Livestock Producers; Poisonous Plants
Citation: Abdallahi Abdurehman., et al. “Assessment on Poisonous Plants of Livestock and their Impacts on Livestock Producers in Wondo Genet, Sidama Zone, South Nation Nationalities and People Regional State, Ethiopia”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.9 (2020): 12-19.
Copyright: © 2020 Abdallahi Abdurehman., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.