Talha Safdar1, Muhammad Ammun Bashir1, Hamza Jawad1*, Nasir Iqbal2, Ayesha Sadiq3, Zubair Luqman1, Sadaf Aslam2, Naveed Hussain2, Suwaibatul Annisa4 and Hiba Qasir5
1Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur,
2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Pet Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
3Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Indonesia
5Center for Integrated Breeding Research, Faculty of Agriculture Sciences, Georg- August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
*Corresponding Author: Hamza Jawad, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
Received: June 05, 2020; Published: June 30, 2020
From the beginning, many reproductive techniques have been used in domestic animals to achieve the desired goals. These goals include: Increasing reproductive and productive efficiency, improved genetic makeup of farm animals, reducing the risk of diseases and injury, producing resistance against climate and infectious agents, and research. Major Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) discussed in this brief review are, Artificial Insemination (AI), Estrus Synchronization, Superovulation, Semen Sexing, Cryopreservation, and Embryo Transfer (ET). Artificial insemination is the most basic and widely used technique for improving genetics and increasing conception rate. Estrus synchronization is the technique in which the selected females are targeted to come in heat (estrus) simultaneously in a brief period using different protocols. Super-ovulation is producing multiple ova at a single time using many combinations of hormones. Semen Sexing, as the name implies, is a method in which sperms are sorted out, using different techniques, to gain animal of desirable sex. In Cryopreservation, long-term preservation of living cells and tissues is done at a very low temperature (conventionally -196 ͦC) without compromising the structural and functional integrity of the preserved specimen. Embryo transfer involves producing and collecting embryos in donor animals and then implanting them in recipients. Reproduction is the backbone of any livestock enterprise, and to achieve remarkable results, the use of Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART) is inevitable. This mini review article will provide a brief comparison of such great reproductive biotechnological methods which are using in livestock farming.
Keywords: Artificial Insemination; Estrous Synchronization; Super Ovulation; Semen Sexing; Cryopreservation; Embryo Transfer
Citation: Hamza Jawad., et al. “Improving Livestock Production Using Auxiliary Reproductive Biotechnology”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.7 (2020): 35-38.
Copyright: © 2020 Hamza Jawad., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.