Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ASVS)(ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 2 Issue 7

Animal Welfare during Pandemics

Hamza Jawad1*, Nasir Iqbal2, Ayesha Sadiq3, Zubair Luqman1, Sadaf Aslam2, Naveed Hussain2 and Suwaibatul Annisa4

1Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan
2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Pet Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
3Department of Pathology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Hamza Jawad, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.

Received: June 06, 2020; Published: June 15, 2020



  Simple definition of animal welfare is how does the animal feel? In this CoVID-19 pandemic, animal welfare has become an important aspect of our lives, including pets, livestock and laboratory animals. The dangers posed to animals during COVID-19 should be considered not only from a welfare point of view but also from a zoonotic point of view. Prolonged lockdown has greatly reduced food resources for animals. Due to misconceptions such as COVID-19 can spread by animals the owners of the animals keep themselves away from the animals which has a negative impact on the welfare of the animals. This is situation is worrying for all of us that so far the welfare of animals in lockdown situations has not been mentioned in the media. Effective experiments, including emotionality, are subjective, so they cannot be measured in animals, but the information contains indirect physical and behavioral indicators that can be used carefully to interpret such experiments. There are many forms of animal cruelty such as neglect of animals, misuse of animals, exploitation of animals and testing of animals. People are cruel to animals everywhere. Animals are emotional creatures that deserve our respect and protection. New research is very necessary to find out the present reasons of animal abuse and cruelty during pandemics. We can prevent animal cruelty by raising public awareness about the absence of COVID-19 zoonosis in every community.

Keywords: Animal Cruelty and Welfare; COVID-19 Pandemic; Animal Psychology; Zoonosis



  1. Mellor DJ. "Enhancing animal welfare by creating opportunities for positive affective engagement”. New Zealand Veterinary Journal1 (2015): 3-8.
  2. Mellor DJ. "Positive animal welfare states and reference standards for welfare assessment”. New Zealand Veterinary Journal1 (2015): 17-23.
  3. Parry Nicola MA. "COVID-19 and pets: When pandemic meets panic”. Forensic Science International: Reports (2020): 100090.
  4. Neeraj Kumar Pande. “A voice against animal abuse” (2019).
  5. Donovan Josephine. "Animal rights and feminist theory”. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 15.2 (1990): 350-375.
  6. Scruton Roger. “Animal rights and wrongs”. A and C Black (2006).
  7. Arluke Arnold. “Just a dog: Understanding animal cruelty and ourselves”. Temple University Press (2006).
  8. Best Steven and Anthony J Nocella. “Terrorists or freedom fighters?: Reflections on the liberation of animals”. Lantern Books (2004).
  9. Francione Gary L. “Animals as persons: Essays on the abolition of animal expliotation”. Columbia University Press (2009).
  10. Pryor Karen. “Don't Shoot the Dog: The Art of Teaching and Training”. Simon and Schuster (2019).
  11. Baur Gene. “Farm sanctuary: Changing hearts and minds about animals and food”. Simon and Schuster (2008).
  12. DeMello Margo. “Animals and society: An introduction to human-animal studies”. Columbia University Press (2012).
  13. Dawkins Marian Stamp. "From an animal's point of view: motivation, fitness, and animal welfare”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13.1 (1990): 1-9.
  14. Weil Kari. “Thinking animals: Why animal studies now?” Columbia University Press (2012).
  15. Burghardt Gordon M. “The genesis of animal play: Testing the limits”. Mit Press (2005).
  16. Rollin, Bernard E. Animal rights and human morality. Prometheus Books (2010).
  17. Patterson‐Kane Emily G and Heather Piper. "Animal abuse as a sentinel for human violence: A critique”. Journal of Social 3 (2009): 589-614.
  18. Morgan Karen and Matthew Cole. "The discursive representation of nonhuman animals in a culture of denial”. Human and other animals. Palgrave Macmillan, London (2011): 112-132.
  19. Jepson Jill. "A linguistic analysis of discourse on the killing of nonhuman animals”. Society and Animals 2 (2008): 127-148.
  20. Francione Gary L. "Animals--Property or Persons?” (2004).
  21. Donaldson Sue and Will Kymlicka. “Zoopolis: A political theory of animal rights”. Oxford University Press (2011).
  22. Natusch Daniel JD and Jessica A Lyons. "Exploited for pets: the harvest and trade of amphibians and reptiles from Indonesian New Guinea”. Biodiversity and Conservation11 (2012): 2899-2911.
  23. Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson. “Are We Exploiting All Animals, Including Pets?” (2015).
  24. Kohn Eduardo. "How dogs dream: Amazonian natures and the politics of transspecies engagement”. American Ethnologist1 (2007): 3-24.
  25. Aitken Maureen M. "Ensuring animal welfare during Covid-19 pandemic”. The Veterinary Record12 (2020): 389.
  26. , et al. "A critical needs assessment for research in companion animals and livestock following the pandemic of COVID-19 in humans”. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases (2020).
  27. Campbell Andrew M. "An increasing risk of family violence during the Covid-19 pandemic: Strengthening community collaborations to save lives”. Forensic Science International: Reports (2020): 100089.
  28. Vincent Aviva., et al. "People and their Pets in the Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic”. Society Register3 (2020): 111-128.
  29. Ye Zi-Wei., et al. "Zoonotic origins of human coronaviruses”. International Journal of Biological Sciences10 (2020): 1686-1697.
  30. Millán-Oñate José., et al. "A new emerging zoonotic virus of concern: the 2019 novel Coronavirus (SARS CoV-2)”. Infectio 3 (2020): 187-192.
  31. Lee Ping-Ing and Po-Ren Hsueh. "Emerging threats from zoonotic coronaviruses-from SARS and MERS to 2019-nCoV”. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection (2020).
  32. Riou Julien and Christian L Althaus. "Pattern of early human-to-human transmission of Wuhan 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), December 2019 to January 2020”. Eurosurveillance4 (2020): 2000058.
  33. Rodriguez-Morales Alfonso J., et al. "History is repeating itself: Probable zoonotic spillover as the cause of the 2019 novel Coronavirus Epidemic”. Infez Medince1 (2020): 3-5.


Citation: Hamza Jawad., et al. “Animal Welfare during Pandemics”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.7 (2020): 18-21.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 20, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US