Muhammad Jamil Ahmed*, Farooq Ahmed, Javaid Qayyoom Swati
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Jamil Ahmed, Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, Pakistan.
Received: April 28, 2020; Published: June 05, 2020
Today, ethnic communities throughout the world retain sound indigenous ethnoveterinary knowledge and mainly depend on medicinal plants as alternative treatments for various livestock ailments. The present review aims to provide the current compilation of wild medicinal plant species practiced as ethnoveterinary herbal medicine by traditional societies of Pakistan. Data was gathered from online databases regarding ethnoveterinary studies in Pakistan from 2000 - 2018. The botanical name, families, parts used, method of administration and diseases treatments were presented by literature review. The literature search revealed a total of 255 wild plant species belonging to 203 genera and 88 families were being in common use to cure 17 categories of livestock diseases. The highest number of wild plant of Asteraceae, followed by Fabaceae, Lamiaceae Euphorbiaceae, Polygonaceae and Solanaceae were used as ethnoveterinary herbal medicine. The most privilege diseases were abdominal worm, mastitis, ague, foot and mouth diseases, skin diseases, lungs and respiratory disorder. Worms’s infestation and parasitic ailments were treated with 67 plant species followed by gastrointestinal ailments, reproductive ailments and miscellaneous category accounted for 66, 43 and 29 species respectively. The highly consumed parts of plant were leaves (29.59%) followed by whole plants (15.98%), aerial parts (10.65%), roots (10.65%) and fruits (8.28%). It is suggested that, the present review will serve as databank and stimulate further pharmacological, clinical investigation for novel drug discovery from natural resource and benefited worldwide.
Keywords: Ethnoveterinary; Medicinal Plants; Animal Disease; Livestock; Pakistan
Citation: Muhammad Jamil Ahmed., et al. “Ethnoveterinary Practices of Wild Medicinal Plants in Pakistan: A Review”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.7 (2020): 03-17.
Copyright: © 2020 Muhammad Jamil Ahmed., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.