Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ASVS)(ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 2 Issue 3

Animal Disease Surveillance and Control: The Indian Perspective

Barkha Sharma1*, Singh Parul2, Meena Goswami3 and Gaurab Basak4

1Assistant Professor and Incharge, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
2Assistant Professor, Veterinary Public Health, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
3Assistant Professor, Livestock Production Technology, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
4M.V.Sc Scholar, Veterinary Public Health, Mathura, UP, India

*Corresponding Author: Barkha Sharma, Assistant Professor and Incharge, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India.

Received: January 22, 2020; Published: February 27, 2020

×

Abstract

  Diseases cause major economic losses through mortality, reduced productivity, lower fertility, condemned products and restricted access to potential markets. Newly emerging diseases including non-contagious animals diseases having potential to cross over from animals to human population or back are being encountered on almost daily basis. This has been time and again proved by emergence of various epidemics like the novel Corona Virus or China virus, Zika virus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) and swine flu. Approximately 60% of all known pathogens and 75% of emerging pathogens are zoonotic in nature, with about 70% of all emerging zoonotic pathogens being vector-transmitted diseases. Apart from these emerging diseases, diseases like Foot and Mouth Disease, Brucellosis, Tuberculosis continue to pose challenges in today’s world. Some of them are classified under Transboundary animal diseases (TADs). The international trade in animal and animal products has become a sensitive issue for both developed and developing countries by posing an important risk for the spread of animal and human pathogens whilst at the same time being an essential activity to ensure world-wide food security and food safety.

  Integrated efforts of government and various organizations is the need of the hour in combating the challenges posed by unchecked multilateral trade in animals and animal products. Continued animal disease forecasting, surveillance monitoring and control, thus have a never before role to play in the present scenario. In essence, the epidemiological challenges to an effective surveillance system relate to rapid detection, representative reporting and accurate diagnosis.

Keywords: Animal Disease Surveillance; Diagnosis; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

×

References

  1. Bond Katherine C., et al. “The Evolution and Expansion of Regional Disease Surveillance Networks and Their Role in Mitigating the Threat of Infectious Disease Outbreaks”. Emerging Health Threats Journal 6 (2013).
  2. Thrusfield M. Veterinary epidemiology. 3rd Edn. Blackwell Science Ltd. Oxford, UK (2005).
  3. Vargas M Teran., et al. "Situation of Classical Swine Fever and the Epidemiologic and Ecologic Aspects Affecting Its Distribution in the American Continent". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1026.1 (2004): 54–64
  4. Vargas TERÁN M., et al. “Situation of Classical Swine Fever and the Epidemiologic and Ecologic Aspects Affecting Its Distribution in the American Continent”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1026.1 (2014): 54-64.
  5. Rweyemamu MM., et al. “Future control strategies for infectious animal diseases- Case study of the UK and sub-Saharan Africa”. In: UK (2006).
  6. Thiaucourt F., et al. "Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: vaccines, historic highlights, present situation and hopes". Developments in biological standardization 114 (2003): 147–160.
  7. Roeder PL and Obi TU. “Recognizing peste des petitis ruminants: a field manual”. FAO Animal Health Manual 5 (1999): 28.
  8. Balkhy HH and Memish ZA. “Rift Valley fever: an uninvited zoonosis in the Arabian peninsula”. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 21 (2003): 153-157.
  9. Taylor LH., et al. “Risk factors for human disease emergence”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B (2001): 356.
  10. WHO. Report on Neglected Tropical Diseases—Working to Overcome the Global Impact of Neglected Tropical Diseases, First WHO report on neglected tropical diseases. Geneva, WHO Press (2010).
  11. Jones KE., et al. “Global trends in emerging infectious diseases”. Nature 451 (2008): 990-993.
  12. Dufour B and Hendrikx P. “Epidemiological surveillance in animal health, 2nd Ed”. World Organisation for Animal Health, Paris. Government’s foresight project, infectious diseases: preparing for the future (2009): 1-24.
  13. WHO. Integrated Control of Neglected Zoonotic Diseases in Africa, Report of a joint meeting, ILRI Nairobi, 13-15 November (2007).
  14. Brahmbhatt M. “Avian and Human Pandemic Influenza - Economic and Social Impacts”. Genèva, Switzerland: WHO, Discussion at the WHO Headquarters on November 7-9 (2005).
  15. Scott M., et al. “Transgenetic investigations of the species barrier and prion strains”. In Prion Biology and Diseases, 2nd ed. (Prusiner, S. B., ed.). (2004): 435-544.
  16. Hulebak K., et al. “Integration of animal health, food pathogen and foodborne disease surveillance in the Americas”. Revue Scientifique et Technique 32 (2013): 529-538.
  17. Salman MD. “Surveillance and Monitoring Systems for Animal Health Programs and Disease Surveys”. Animal Disease Surveillance and Survey Systems (2003): 3-13.
  18. Christensen J. “Epidemiological Concepts Regarding Disease Monitoring and Surveillance”. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 94 (2001): 11-16.
  19. Hueston WD. “Assessment of national systems for the surveillance and monitoring of animal health”. Revue scientifique et technique 12 (1993): 1187-1196. 
  20. Zepeda C., et al. “The role of veterinary epidemiology and veterinary services in complying with the World Trade Organization SPS agreement”. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 67 (2005): 125-140.
  21. Thacker SB., et al. “The Science of Public Health Surveillance”. Journal of Public Health Policy 10 (1989): 187-203.
  22. Stärk KD., et al. “Concepts for risk-based surveillance in the field of veterinary medicine and veterinary public health: review of current approaches”. BMC Health Services Research 6 (2006): 20.
  23. Tyagi E., et al. “Development of Genomic Surveillance Bioinformatics Modules”. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics 7.1 (2015): e96.
  24. Perez A., et al. “Global animal disease surveillance. Spatial and Spatio-temporal”. Epidemiology 2 (2011): 135-145.
  25. Wurtz RM and Popovich ML. “Animal Disease Surveillance: A Framework for Supporting Disease Detection in Public Health”. Scientific Technologies Corp (2002).
  26. Mariner JC. “Community -based animal health workers and disease sureveillance”. In Catley. A., Blakeway, S.L.T., (Eds).Community based Animal Health Care. ITDG Publishing, London, U.K. (2002): 24-272
  27. Dikid T., et al. “Emerging and re-emerging infections in India: An overview”. Indian Journal of Medical Research 138 (2013): 19-31.
  28. Pradhan HK. Animal Disease Surveillance and Control in India with reference to emerging/exotic diseases. Meeting of Experts of the State Parties to the Convention on the Prohibition of the development, Production and Stockpiling of bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction. Geneva, 19-30 (2004).
  29. Ahuja V., et al. “Animal Health for poverty alleviation: A review of key issues for India”. Background paper prepared for “Livestock Review of the World Bank” (2008). 
  30. Bhatia R and Narain JP. “The Challenge of Emerging Zoonoses in Asia Pacific”. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 22.4 (2010): 388-394.
  31. Thierry Lefrançois and Thierry Pineau. “Public health and livestock: Emerging diseases in food animals”. Animal Frontiers 4.1 (2014): 4-6.
×

Citation

Citation: Barkha Sharma., et al. “Animal Disease Surveillance and Control: The Indian Perspective”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.3 (2020): 01-08.




Member In



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for March Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US