Barkha Sharma1*, Singh Parul2, Meena Goswami3 and Gaurab Basak4
1Assistant Professor and Incharge, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and
Preventive Medicine, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
2Assistant Professor, Veterinary Public Health, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
3Assistant Professor, Livestock Production Technology, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India
4M.V.Sc Scholar, Veterinary Public Health, Mathura, UP, India
*Corresponding Author: Barkha Sharma, Assistant Professor and Incharge, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Veterinary University (DUVASU), Mathura, UP, India.
Received: January 22, 2020; Published: February 27, 2020
Diseases cause major economic losses through mortality, reduced productivity, lower fertility, condemned products and restricted access to potential markets. Newly emerging diseases including non-contagious animals diseases having potential to cross over from animals to human population or back are being encountered on almost daily basis. This has been time and again proved by emergence of various epidemics like the novel Corona Virus or China virus, Zika virus, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) and swine flu. Approximately 60% of all known pathogens and 75% of emerging pathogens are zoonotic in nature, with about 70% of all emerging zoonotic pathogens being vector-transmitted diseases. Apart from these emerging diseases, diseases like Foot and Mouth Disease, Brucellosis, Tuberculosis continue to pose challenges in today’s world. Some of them are classified under Transboundary animal diseases (TADs). The international trade in animal and animal products has become a sensitive issue for both developed and developing countries by posing an important risk for the spread of animal and human pathogens whilst at the same time being an essential activity to ensure world-wide food security and food safety.
Integrated efforts of government and various organizations is the need of the hour in combating the challenges posed by unchecked multilateral trade in animals and animal products. Continued animal disease forecasting, surveillance monitoring and control, thus have a never before role to play in the present scenario. In essence, the epidemiological challenges to an effective surveillance system relate to rapid detection, representative reporting and accurate diagnosis.
Keywords: Animal Disease Surveillance; Diagnosis; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Citation: Barkha Sharma., et al. “Animal Disease Surveillance and Control: The Indian Perspective”. Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 2.3 (2020): 69-76.
Copyright: © 2020 Barkha Sharma., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.