Acta Scientific Pharmacology

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 8

Bone Mineral Density Comparison with Biochemical Parameters of Bone Turnovers Among Premenopausal Women

Golda Sahaya Rani R*

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Shri Sathya Sai College of Nursing, India

*Corresponding Author: Golda Sahaya Rani R, Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Shri Sathya Sai College of Nursing, India.

Received: July 01, 2022 Published: July 27, 2022

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a multifarious and a myriad condition that may occur concurrently with various risk factors. More than 200 million people worldwide endure osteoporosis. Bone mass becomes unstable as the bone tissues are structurally depreciating eventually. Prevention services for osteoporosis are required to aid premenopausal women recognize bone health determinants and avoid bone loss.

Aim: The study focuses on the efficacy of biochemical parameters among premenopausal females. The goal of the undertaken study is the efficacy of the system of prevention of osteoporosis in premenopausal women on the interaction of BMD with biochemical parameters.

Methods: Simple random sampling methodology is used in true Experimental Design. As a first step, by testing biochemical parameters, 180 premenopausal females were evaluated for eligibility. 83 females had met the requirements for inclusion criteria. On the basis of lottery system, 40 women were shortlisted. Pretest was performed by one monitoring group (20) and one experimental group (20). The prevention program (treatment plan) for osteoporosis requires formal awareness and dietary supplementation. Structured education was provided on osteoporosis prevention, with the aid of 20 minute flash cards. Supplementation to the diet was given in three days per week. The experimental group was granted the plan of prevention of osteoporosis. After 12th week of intervention, control group received no intervention between control group.

Conclusion: The study concludes that the biochemical parameters of osteoporosis change substantially after intervention. In premenopausal women, there existed a positive correlation between serum calcium, phosphorus, and BMD (p < 0.0001). Prevention Program for Osteoporosis is an important and economically viable approach for treating osteoporosis.

Keywords: Osteoporosis; Premenopausal Women; Biochemical Parameters

References

  1. Kling JM., et al. “Osteoporosis prevention, screening, and treatment: a review”. Journal of Women's Health7 (2014): 563-572.
  2. Khadilkar AV and Mandlik RM. “Epidemiology and treatment of osteoporosis in women: an Indian perspective”. International Journal of Women's Health 7 (2015): 841.
  3. McLendon AN and Woodis CB. “A review of osteoporosis management in younger premenopausal women”. Women’s Health1 (2014): 59-77.
  4. Garg N., et al. “An epidemiological study to assess bone mineral density and its association with contributing factors among premenopausal and postmenopausal women in selected villages of District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India”. International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology 2 (2018): 487-494.
  5. Samiya Begum I., et al. “Association of Bone Mineral Density with Biochemical parameters in Perimenopausal Women”. International Journal of Scientific Research 11 (2017): 200,201.
  6. Jada MR., et al. “Evaluation of biochemical and bone density parameters in premenopausal and postmenopausal women”. International Journal of Biological and Medical Research3 (2013): 3441-3443.
  7. Kumari A., et al. “Study of Serum Calcium Level in Pre- and Post-menopausal Women of Jamshedpur, Jharkhand”. International Journal of Scientific Study 6 (2018): 18-20.
  8. Daly RM., et al. “Exercise for the prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women: an evidence-based guide to the optimal prescription”. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy2 (2019): 170-180.
  9. Soomro RR., et al. “Comparing the effects of Osteoporosis Prevention Exercise Protocol (OPEP) versus walking in the prevention of osteoporosis in younger females”. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences2 (2015): 336.
  10. Takoo S. “A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Program on Knowledge of Menopausal Women regarding Prevention and Management of Osteoporosis, Attending Gynaecological OPD of Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, New Delhi”. 5.1 (2018): 6.
  11. Jensen AL., et al. “Effectiveness and characteristics of multifaceted osteoporosis group education—a systematic review”. Osteoporosis International4 (2014): 1209-1224.
  12. Gayathripriya N., et al. “Knowledge on osteoporosis prevention among Bahraini women: A cross sectional study” (2017).
  13. Greenway KG., et al. “Relationships between self-reported lifetime physical activity, estimates of current physical fitness, and aBMD in adult premenopausal women”. Archives of Osteoporosis1 (2015): 34.
  14. Jeihooni AK., et al. “Effects of an osteoporosis prevention program based on health belief model among females”. Nursing and Midwifery Studies3 (2015).
  15. Janiszewska M., et al. “Knowledge about osteoporosis prevention among women screened by bone densitometry”. Przeglad Menopauzalny= Menopause Review 2 (2016): 96.
  16. Najam R and Huda N. “Assessment of osteoporosis in post menopausal women: a clinical study”. Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology2 (2011): 11-13.
  17. Prentice A. “Diet, nutrition and the prevention of osteoporosis”. Public Health Nutrition1a (2004): 227-243.
  18. Troy KL., et al. “Exercise early and often: effects of physical activity and exercise on women’s bone health”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health5 (2018): 878.
  19. Sahni S., et al. “Dietary approaches for bone health: lessons from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study”. Current Osteoporosis Reports4 (2015): 245-255.
  20. Dionyssiotis Y., et al. “Association of physical exercise and calcium intake with bone mass measured by quantitative ultrasound”. BMC Women's Health1 (2010): 12.

Citation

Citation: Golda Sahaya Rani R. “Bone Mineral Density Comparison with Biochemical Parameters of Bone Turnovers Among Premenopausal Women". Acta Scientific Pharmacology 3.8 (2022): 40-46.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Golda Sahaya Rani R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate36%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In


News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US