Bone Mineral Density Comparison with Biochemical Parameters of Bone Turnovers Among Premenopausal Women
Golda Sahaya Rani R*
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Shri Sathya Sai College of Nursing, India
*Corresponding Author: Golda Sahaya Rani R, Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Shri Sathya Sai College of Nursing, India.
July 01, 2022 Published: July 27, 2022
Osteoporosis is a multifarious and a myriad condition that may occur concurrently with various risk factors. More than 200 million people worldwide endure osteoporosis. Bone mass becomes unstable as the bone tissues are structurally depreciating eventually. Prevention services for osteoporosis are required to aid premenopausal women recognize bone health determinants and avoid bone loss.
Aim: The study focuses on the efficacy of biochemical parameters among premenopausal females. The goal of the undertaken study is the efficacy of the system of prevention of osteoporosis in premenopausal women on the interaction of BMD with biochemical parameters.
Methods: Simple random sampling methodology is used in true Experimental Design. As a first step, by testing biochemical parameters, 180 premenopausal females were evaluated for eligibility. 83 females had met the requirements for inclusion criteria. On the basis of lottery system, 40 women were shortlisted. Pretest was performed by one monitoring group (20) and one experimental group (20). The prevention program (treatment plan) for osteoporosis requires formal awareness and dietary supplementation. Structured education was provided on osteoporosis prevention, with the aid of 20 minute flash cards. Supplementation to the diet was given in three days per week. The experimental group was granted the plan of prevention of osteoporosis. After 12th week of intervention, control group received no intervention between control group.
Conclusion: The study concludes that the biochemical parameters of osteoporosis change substantially after intervention. In premenopausal women, there existed a positive correlation between serum calcium, phosphorus, and BMD (p < 0.0001). Prevention Program for Osteoporosis is an important and economically viable approach for treating osteoporosis.
Keywords: Osteoporosis; Premenopausal Women; Biochemical Parameters
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