Acta Scientific Pharmacology

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 5

Side effects of Apranax (Naproxen) Studied on Ants as Models

Marie-Claire Cammaerts*

Independent Researcher, Retired from the Biology of Organisms Department, University of Brussels, Belgium

*Corresponding Author: Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Independent Researcher, Retired from the Biology of Organisms Department, University of Brussels, Belgium.

Received: April 07, 2022 Published: April 29, 2022


On ants used as models, the anti-inflammatory drug Apranax (the active substance of which is Naproxen) appeared to have more, and more severe, adverse effects than those people can easily find, e.g. in the notice for use and on several internet sites. Indeed, this drug impacted the ants’ food intake, locomotion, sensory perception, social relationships, cognition, and short-term memory. No adaptation occurred to Apranax side effects. Habituation to its wanted analgesic effect occurred. Ants acquired need of water, and developed some dependence on this drug consumption. After its consumption was stopped, the effect of Apranax vanished in a total of 12-13 hours, rapidly decreasing soon after weaning. Such adverse effects may exist for humans. Therefore, all the above information should be known by practitioners who should monitor their patients treated with Apranax (Naproxen) as for their food intake, movements, sensory perception, social interactions, cognitive abilities, memorization, dehydration, dependence on the drug consumption, among others. The practitioners should use the smallest dose and the shortest treatment time possible for sufficiently care of their patients. Provided that these advices are taken into account, Apranax (Naproxen) could be used since, despite its numerous, severe and not adequately divulgated adverse effects, it is one of the most efficient anti-inflammatory drug.

Keywords: Addiction; Cognition; Myrmica sabuleti; Sensory Perception; Social Interaction


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Citation: Marie-Claire Cammaerts. “Side effects of Apranax (Naproxen) Studied on Ants as Models". Acta Scientific Pharmacology 3.5 (2022): 15-30.


Copyright: © 2022 Marie-Claire Cammaerts. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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