Bela Kikalishvili*, Tsisana Sulakvelidze, Malkhaz Getia, Mariam Malania and Durmishkhan Turabelidze
Iovel Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry of Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
*Corresponding Author: Iovel Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry of Tbilisi State Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: August 03, 2021; Published: August 26, 2021
The aim of the present paper is to study the seeds of Apricot growing in Georgia (East Georgia, Kakheti Region) for the content of lipids and some biologically active compounds to use them in medicine, pharmacy, perfumery and cosmetology. The sum of neutral (N/L) and Polar lipids (P/L) from Apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris Mill) seeds were respectively obtained by using Hexane and chloroform-methanol mixture (2:1) extraction. Saturated, mono- and poly-unsaturated fatty acids were identified in some of the neutral lipids by Gas Chromatography combined with Mass Spectrometry. Were identified following acids: hexadecane (6.09%), hexadecene (1.68%), octadecane (2.25%), 9-octadecene (74.09%), eicosane (0.27%), eicosene (0.66%), tetracosane (0.13%) and hexacosane (0.09%). Hexadecane acid is dominant saturated acid (6.09%) and 9-octadecene acid is dominant unsaturated acid (74%). The sum of polar lipids is 1,46%. The content of carotenoids 4.7 mg%. Were identified 6 amino acids: histidine, asparagine, serine, alanine, valine and phenylalanine. Experimental pharmacological studies suggest, that Apricot (Armeniaca vulgaris Mill.) seed oil has a moderately pronounced anti-inflammatory, wound-healing and gastro protective activities.
Keywords: Lipid; Fatty Acid; Phospholipid
Citation: Bela Kikalishvili. “Study of Lipids and Some Biologically Active Compounds from the Seeds of Apricot Growing in Georgia".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 2.9 (2021): 24-27.
Copyright: © 2020 Bela Kikalishvili. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.