Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Florence Hospital Multispeciality Center Chanapora, India
*Corresponding Author: Gowhar Ahmad, Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Florence Hospital Multispeciality Center Chanapora, India.
Received: May 07, 2021; Published: May 24, 2021
Keywords: Tuberculosis; Ziel Neelsons; Stain Limestones; Jensons Media; Changes in Colour Vision; Red and Green Changes in Visual Fields Refraction and Vision Optic Neuritis
Tuberculosis Was a kind of very common disease in the past common in poor under developed Asian COUNTERIES due to poor hygiene overcrowding more people sleeping together in one room poor ventilation with poor food efficient in proteins and vitamins children not being vaccinated lije BCG.
However with better awareness better education and faecal facilities this disease is now completely eradicated. However their may few sporadic cases in far flung areas. Symptoms of the disease Persistent cough evening rise of temperature loss of weight and appetite and haemoptysis.
Diagnosis is made by chest x-ray Sputum examination by Zeil-Nelson stain to demonstrate a FB 3 consecutive tests have to be positive fir AFB.
We can inoculate it in Lowenstein’s media to grow AFB. In past their was initially no treatment for TB.
It used be kind of sanitaria where patients of tuberculosis were admitted and given good food and kind of fresh air.
The came INJ streptomycin with INH and pas which was given for 6 months to 1 year patients had to be admitted.
Second line of drugs
At present we have one of the best drug fir TB. It us ethambutol patients are not admitted at all they get. The drug from the tb center and take the treatment at home. First period if 3 months or more however this drug has ocular side effects on patients on this drug should have regular eye examination before and during the treatment. Ocular side effects are changes in colour vision first red and then green changes in visual fields refraction and vision optic neuritis which is dose dependant once we reduce the dose optic neuritis becomes reversible.
I have no financial interest in publication of this article.
Citation: Gowhar Ahmad. “Some of the Side Effects of Anti Tubercular Drug".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 2.6 (2020): 29.
Copyright: © 2021 Gowhar Ahmad. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.