Acta Scientific Pharmacology

Review Article Volume 1 Issue 12

Kidney Stone Disease: A Brief Review

Vidyashree B*, Karunakar Hegde and AR Shabaraya

Department of Pharmacology, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Valachil, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

*Corresponding Author: Vidyashree B, Department of Pharmacology, Srinivas College of Pharmacy, Valachil, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Received: June 20, 2020; Published: January 30, 2020

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Abstract

  Kidney stone disease is the crystal formation within the kidneys. It’s affecting about 12% of the population. It is associated with increased risk of the renal–failure. The most common type of stone formation is calcium oxalate formed at Randall’s plaque on the renal papillary surfaces. The mechanism of stone formation involves nucleation, crystal growth, aggregation, and retention of urinary stone constituents within the kidney. An imbalance between factors that encourage or inhibit urinary crystallization modulates these steps.

Keywords: Kidney Stone; Calcium Oxalate

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References

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Citation

Citation: Vidyashree B. “Kidney Stone Disease: A Brief Review".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 2.2 (2021): 17-21.




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