Parvathi KJ1, Arya B2, Sudha M2* and Sambathkumar R2
1Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding Author: Sudha M, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Komarapalayam, Tamil Nadu, India.
Received: October 30, 2020; Published: November 27, 2020
Aim and Objective: Urinary stone occurrence is predicted as 3% in all individuals and it affect up to 12% of the population during their lifetime. Urinary stone forms with standard range of 50% at 10 years of age and male has the highest proportion. Due to various etiological and risk factors it became a great burden socially and economically. So it is relevant to conduct a study on risk factors and prevalence associated with urolithiasis.
Materials and Methods: A total of 110 patients were followed over a period of 9 months, and the prevalence and risk factors was studied. Data was collected with a self-administered questionnaire.
Results: The prevalence of stones have markedly increased over the past 30 years and is of great concern in aging population. Out of 110 patients we found that 54.5% were females, 65% were in between the age 45 - 65 years, 39.9% stones are between 9 - 12 mm, 39.09% of stone prevalence was at climate 84 - 860F, 72% were smokers, 35.45% were hypertensive patients, 55.45% had improper fluid intake and 21.8%.
Conclusion: The relationship between the risk factors and prevalence had been established. The data shows the risk factors has a higher impact in formation of urolithiasis. The prevalence of urolithiasis was increased in higher temperature as a result of imbalance between input and output of fluids.
Keywords: Urolithiasis; Risk Factors; Prevalence
Citation: Sudha M., et al. “Study on Analysing of Risk Factors and Prevalence of Urolithiasis in the Tertiary Hospitals of Erode, Tamil Nadu".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 1.12 (2020): 19-22.
Copyright: © 2020 Sudha M., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.