Acta Scientific Pharmacology

Review Article Volume 1 Issue 10

Immunological Aspects of Cytokine Therapy, Signalling Pathway and its Molecular Mechanisms in the Fight Against SARS-CoV-2

Najib Lawan Yahaya1#, Mudassir Lawal1#, Abhishek Kumar Verma1*, Zaharaddeen Umar Naabba1#, Avinash Kumar2, Abhay Raj Kori3, Arundhiti Sharma4, Harpreet Kaur4, Dinesh Kumar Dhawan5 and Mayadhar Barik4*

1Department of Life Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Paramedical Sciences, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India
3Department of Biochemistry and Microbial Sciences, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, Punjab, India
4Assistant Professor, Department of Life Sciences, School of Science and Technology, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India

*Corresponding Author: Dr. Mayadhar Barik, Chief Researcher Basic and Clinical Sciences Under Science and Technology Division and Associate Professor in Department of Biochemistry and HOD Paramedical Sciences at Mewar University, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, India.

Received: July 25, 2020; Published: September 16, 2020

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Abstract

  The COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by SARS-CoV -2 virus has presented a striking challenge into the health care systems (HCSs) around the World and currently is the source of public health concern globally. The treatment of this disease has remained challenging as there are no proven effective vaccines or therapeutic agents against the virus. Cytokine Storm Syndrome (CSS) is an unregulated inflammatory process response arising from immune effector cells (IECs) releasing proinflammatory cytokines. That occurs as a result of the overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. CSS is a frequently occurring feature of severe infections with COVID-19 pneumonia and violent inflammatory immune response (VIIR) is stimulated by cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) is misleading into the development of symptoms such as fever, throat infections, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, cardiomyopathy, lung injury, acute respiratory distress, multiple organ failure, and subsequent death of the majority of the patients. The new therapeutic strategies under investigation are targeting to the overactive cytokine response (OCR) within the anti-cytokine therapies and immunosuppressive agents. CSS helps to down-regulate and dampen the aberrant pro-inflammatory response of the host and may bring an understanding and insights into the treatment of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In this review, we have outlined and discussed the different types of cytokines therapies and their mechanism of actions. Currently, being explored and evaluated those that are not yet evaluated for their efficacy and safety in the treatment of COVID-19 and associated with the cytokine storm syndrome (CSS). We suggested that the clinical trials should be initiated for those are new therapies that are not yet explored to evaluate their efficacy and safety in the management and treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia and the SARS-CoV-2.

Keywords: Pediatric Dentistry; Oral Habits; Nursing Bottle Caries; Dental Trauma; Cleft Palate; Natal Teeth; Neonatal Teeth

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Citation

Citation: Mayadhar Barik., et al. “Immunological Aspects of Cytokine Therapy, Signalling Pathway and its Molecular Mechanisms in the Fight Against SARS-CoV-2 ".Acta Scientific Pharmacology 1.10 (2020): 05-18.




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