Comparison of Dietary Intakes and Quality of Professional and Amateur Young Football Players
Beril Köse1*, Esen Yeşil1, Merve Özdemir1 and Aysu Ayhan2
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Başkent University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
2İncek Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Beril Köse, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Başkent University Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.
Received: August 17, 2021; ; Published: September 26, 2021
Introduction: Nutritional requirements are higher in adolescence than in other life phases. These requirements are necessary not only for maintaining health and supporting growth and development, but also for providing energy for physical activities. In this case, the need for adequate energy and nutrient intakes becomes especially important for young athletes.
Methods: The population of this study consists of 185 amateur and professional football players whom aged 13-17 years. A questionnaire with multiple-choice and open-ended questions and the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) with questions on nutritional status of adolescents were administered. In addition, a food consumption record for 24 hours was obtained.
Results: The mean KIDMED score of amateur and professional football players was 6.9 ± 2.26. Accordingly, 9.8% of the amateur football players and 8.6% of the professional football players had low diet quality. The professional football players (1934.4 ± 611.08 kcal) had higher daily energy intake than the amateurs (1475.1 ± 538.60 kcal). A negative correlation was found between the KIDMED scores and body weight values of all footballers, and a positive correlation between their KIDMED scores and weekly training days.
Conclusions: The football players who participated in this study had low energy intake. Professional subjects had higher intakes of energy and macro and micro nutrients than amateurs. Both groups had similar diet quality.
Keywords: Nutrition; Health; Exercise; Diet Quality
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