Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Case Report Volume 6 Issue 4

Neurocysticercosis and Status Epilepticus: About A Clinical Case in the Neurology Department in Dr Congo and Review of the Literature

Philippe Ntalaja kabuayi1,2, Célèbre Mualaba3*, Yves Thiangala1, Bondish Kambaja Munya1, Grégoire Kamanga1, Joseph Tshitoko1 and Massar Diagne4

1Neurology Department, NeuropsychoPathological Center of Kinshasa, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2Doctor Joseph Guislain Neuropsychiatric Center of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Neurosurgery Department, Fann University Hospital, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal
4Neurology Department, Fann University Hospital, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal

*Corresponding Author: Célèbre Mualaba and Philippe Ntalaja Kabuaya, Department of Neurosurgery, Center Hospitalier Universitaire de Fann, Dakar, Senegal; and Doctor Joseph Guislain Neuropsychiatric Center of Lubumbashi, DRC.

Received: March 02, 2023; Published: March 27, 2023

Abstract

Neurocysticercosis is a parasitosis of the central nervous system, caused by the cysticerci of a flatworm: Taenia solium. Humans contract it by consuming food or water contaminated with eggs of t. Solium, which is excreted in the stools of individuals with intestinal tapeworm. We report the case of a 45-year-old man living since the age of 32 in Central Africa in the Democratic Republic of Congo, with no particular history, regularly consuming pork meat, having been admitted to the neurology department for the malaise. epileptic. The presence of cystic lesions showing the scolex on imaging highlighted a suspicion of cerebral cysticercosis.

Neurocysticercosis is endemic in all latitudes where pig farming is common practice, and where the level of hygiene and sanitary control of livestock are insufficient. The DRC is surrounded by cysticercal endemic countries where it is responsible for 50 to 70% of epilepsies. Thus, it seemed relevant to us to publish this case to draw attention to this curable pathology in most cases, but it can be fatal or leave disabling sequelae. Improving sanitary and hygiene conditions should allow to eradicate it on the condition that neighbouring countries take the same measures and, if not pool their resources, at least coordinate them.

Keywords: Neurocysticercosis; Epilepsy and Status Epilepticus; Scolex; Taenia Solium

References

  1. Razanamparany M and Aubry P. “Cysticercosis”. Arch Pediatrics 6 (1999): S320-322.
  2. Garcia HH., et al. “Clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of neurocysticercosis”. Lancet Neurology12 (2014): 1202‑1215.
  3. Takayanagui OM and Haes TM. “Update on the diagnosis and management of neurocysticercosis". Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 5-1 (2022): 296‑306.
  4. Fleury A., et al. “Clinical heterogeneity of human neurocysticercosis results from complex interactions among parasite, host and environmental factors”. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 4 (2010): 243‑250.
  5. Diagnosis and management of a case of neurocysticercosis in Belgium”. Louvain Medical (2023).
  6. Neglected tropical diseases (2023).
  7. Mukuku O., et al. “Case Report: Three Cases of Neurocysticercosis in Central Africa”. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 5 (2020): 1955‑1957.
  8. Book-Epillytrop2022.Pdf (2023).
  9. Bugeme M and Mukuku O. “[Neurocysticercosis revealed by refractory epilepsy: report of a case]”. The Pan African Medical Journal 20 (2015): 104.
  10. Taeniasis/Cysticercosis (2023).
  11. Rottbeck R., et al. “High Prevalence of Cysticercosis in People with Epilepsy in Southern Rwanda”. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11 (2013): e2558.
  12. Kabemba E Mwape., et al. “Prevalence of Neurocysticercosis in People with Epilepsy in the Eastern Province of Zambia – PMC”. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8 (2015): e0003927.
  13. Stelzle D., et al. “Epidemiological, clinical and radiological characteristics of people with neurocysticercosis in Tanzania-A cross-sectional study”. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 11 (2022): e0010911.
  14. Yingchoncharoen P., et al. “Solitary Neurocysticercosis Presenting with Focal Seizure and Secondary Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizure”. American Journal of Case Reports (2022).

Citation

Citation: Philippe Ntalaja Kabuayi., et al. “Neurocysticercosis and Status Epilepticus: About A Clinical Case in the Neurology Department in Dr Congo and Review of the Literature". Acta Scientific Neurology 6.4 (2023): 96-99.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Philippe Ntalaja Kabuayi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In




News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US