Farahzadi MH1, Bidaki R2,3*, Arabi A4, Nasirian M5, Zare F4, Moeeni SS6 and Kholasezade G2
1Addiction Studies PHD, Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2Professor of Psychiatry, Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran
3Fellowship in Neuropsychiatry, Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran
4Mental Health Officer of Yazd Province. Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5Candidate Fellowship in Psycho-Sexual Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
6Department of Neuroscience, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Bidaki R, Professor of Psychiatry, Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Received: January 19, 2023; Published: March 03, 2023
Introduction: The purpose was to compare three educational ways of drug abuse prevention, (including: Education/sending short messages and teaching booklets) and their impact on the knowledge, attitude and performance, concerning Methamphetamine users between the employees of YAZD Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Science.
Materials and Methods: This is a profile–operational and kind of semi-experimental- interventional study. Two hundred and ten employees of 6 assistance section of Yazd University of Medical Sciences employees were selected through multi stage clustering sampling. A group of 210 people had 2 teaching sessions for two weeks. In this study, the accumulate tool is the trial questionnaire regarding Methamphetamine abuse Participants have completed the pre and posttest and after 3 months were divided to 3 groups for education. Therefore, with this study, we compared the educational effectiveness and sustainability of 4 educational methods: face-to-face training class, sending educational materials via SMS, Training through CDs and manuals.
Methods: The study included 20 patients with significant RRMS (McDonald 2017). Among them, 6 men and 14 women aged 19 to 51 years (median 34.2 ± 9.6 years) who underwent HDIT (R-Cph 200) followed by autoHSCT. The follow-up period ranged from 31 to 34 days (median 31.45 days). At both points of the study, the neurological status was assessed according to the Scripps neurologic rating scale (SNRS), the score on the extended Kurtzke disability scale (EDSS), MRI of the brain and spinal cord with contrast, the presence of spasticity in the paretic limbs according to the modified Ashworth scale (MAS).
Results: The result of research indicates that the sooner we tackle such educations since young age, the faster their approach will revise against addictive drugs. There wasn’t a significant difference in gender between groups (p >0.05). The participant’s knowledge in none of educational steps (including attendance, durability and education with CDS, SMS and booklets) was significant. The durability stage participant attitude was significant and to compare with the first attitude test, the durability after 3months increased. However, group’s performance in durability stage and after education through CDS, SMS and booklets, was expressive and durability after 3 months increased. That none of the educational methods in the second stage of education could have a significant impact on changing people's attitudes, awareness and performance.
Conclusion: Preventive methods have improved individual's performance and attitudes, however, teaching with CDS, SMS, and booklets have improved individual's performance, it has had no effects on the knowledge, attitude and performance, individually.
Keywords: Education; Knowledge; Attitude; Performance; Addiction
Citation: Bidaki R., et al. “Investigating the Efficacy of Three Methods of Methamphetamine Addiction Prevention Training on the Knowledge, Attitude and Performance of Yazd University of Medical Sciences Employees". Acta Scientific Neurology 6.4 (2023): 08-12.
Copyright: © 2023 Bidaki R., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.