Comparative Study of Psychological Capital and Marital Adjustment of the Medical Staff
of COVID-19 Ward and Other Wards of the Hospital
Fatemeh Kianfar1, Fatemeh Zarein2, Pourya Bahiraei3, Arshia
Shizarpour3 and Reza Bidaki4,5*
1Department of Counseling, Master of Family Counseling, Kharazmi University,
2PHD student of counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran
33Students Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
5Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Fatemeh Zarein, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran.
September 15, 2022; Published: January 20, 2022
Aim and Background: Considering the prevalence of the Covid-19 virus and its effect on medical staff's personal and marital life. The present study aimed to compare the psychological capital and marital adjustment of medical staff working in COVID-19-related wards with staff in other hospital wards.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a descriptive causal-comparative study. The statistical population of the present study was all medical staff of Shahidi Rahimi Hospital in Lorestan. Among them, 160 people were selected using the available sampling method and were replaced in two groups of 80 people. The first group was the staff working in the ward of COVID 19, and the second group was another staff working in the hospital Who were not directly employed in COVID 19-related departments to collect the data of the present study, the Lutens psychological capital questionnaire (CD-RSC) and Spinner marital adjustment scale (DAS) were used. The present study's data were analyzed using an independent t-test, for which 25 SPSS software was used.
Results: The independent t-test showed a comparison of the average psychological capital and marital adjustment of the two groups. There is a significant difference between group therapy working in the ward related to COVID 19 and other medical staff of the hospital in terms of psychological capital and marital adjustment (p < 0.05). The amount of psychological capital and marital adjustment of medical staff working in departments related to COVID 19 was significantly lower than the scores of other hospital staff's psychological capital and marital compatibility.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that the staff working in the ward of COVID-19 are more vulnerable than other hospital staff due to the consequences and tensions related to COVID-19 in terms of their personal and marital life.
Keywords: Psychological Capital; Marital Adjustment; COVID-19
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