Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

case report Volume 6 Issue 2

Post-Stroke Epilepsy : Epidemiological, Electro-Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects at the Loandjili General Hospital in Pointe-Noire, Republic of Congo

Ngassaki SR1*, Sounga PEG1,2, Bakoudissa RW1, Ndotabeka LJ1, Detsele RC1, Mialoundama C1, ITOUA G J S, Oko-Lossambo C1 and Koubemba C G1

1Department of Neurology, Loandjili General Hospital, Pointe-Noire, Republic of Congo
2Marien NGOUABI University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Republic of Congo

*Corresponding Author: Ngassaki SR, Department of Neurology, Loandjili General Hospital, Pointe-Noire, Republic of Congo.

Received: November 04, 2022; Published: December 08, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Post-stroke epilepsy is the leading cause of epilepsy in the elderly. The diagnosis can be difficult in case of non-convulsive manifestations. So-called novel anti-epileptic drugs are more appropriate as low-dose monotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiological, electro-clinical and therapeutic aspects of post-stroke epilepsy in our practice.

Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with a descriptive and analytical aim over a period of 12 months. We interviewed, reviewed and consulted records of inpatients during the study period. Chi2, t-student and Anova tests were used for the comparison of variables.

Results: 583 patients were collected. Among them, 46 suffered from Post-stroke epilepsy with a hospital frequency of 7.89%. This epilepsy occurred mostly a year after stroke and predominated in men. It mainly complicated ischemic stroke (95.7%) and manifested itself mainly in the form of generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Status epilepticus was common and was not associated with mortality. Ancient anti-epileptic drugs especially phenobarbital were used with excellent therapeutic success as low-dose monotherapy. Our patients were mostly hypertensive.

Conclusion: Post-stroke epilepsy is common and of favorable course under antiepileptic drugs. Secondary prevention of hypertension and stroke would reduce the risk of post-stroke epilepsy.

Keywords: Epilepsy; Vascular; Pointe-Noire; Congo

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Citation

Citation: Ngassaki SR., et al. “Post-Stroke Epilepsy : Epidemiological, Electro-Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects at the Loandjili General Hospital in Pointe-Noire, Republic of Congo". Acta Scientific Neurology 6.2 (2023): 03-09.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Ngassaki SR., et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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