Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 11

Postoperative Central Nervous System Infections in Neurosurgical Patients: An Account of a Teaching Hospital in Bauchi, Nigeria

Olabisi O Ogunleye

Senior Lecturer/Consultant Neurosurgeon, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi

*Corresponding Author: Olabisi O Ogunleye, Senior Lecturer/Consultant Neurosurgeon, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi.

Received: August 30, 2022; Published: October 31, 2022

Abstract

Introduction: Postoperative central nervous system infection (PCNSI) poses a significant after neurosurgical procedure and require urgent intervention to avoid prolonged morbidity and avoid mortality. PCNSI presents as cases of meningitis, wound infection, empyema and abscess. We aimed to look at the incidence and factors associated with PCNSI in our hospital.

Materials and Method: Retrospective analysis of 119 patients who had elective neurosurgical procedures in our hospital between August 2018 and July 2022. Incidence of PCNSI recorded, pathogen offended identified and factors related to the development of PCNSI were also reviewed.

Results: One hundred and nineteen patients that elective neurosurgical procedures with median age group of 38.6 years, out of which 6 developed PCNSI and this represent 5% incidence rate of PCNSI. Cranial (73%) and spinal (27%) procedures has 3 cases of PCNSI each. The Staphylococcus aureus was the most offending organism isolated from culture representing over 66%. Age and male sex were associated with PCNSI in our study (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The incidence of PCNSI in our center is 5% which comparable with findings from many researchers, though higher to some reports. Commodities like hypertension and diabetes were seeing not to be associated with PCNSI. Prophylactic usage of antibiotics is of utmost important.

Keywords: CNS Infection; Neurosurgery; Incidence Rate

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Citation

Citation: Olabisi O Ogunleye. “Postoperative Central Nervous System Infections in Neurosurgical Patients: An Account of a Teaching Hospital in Bauchi, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Neurology 5.11 (2022): 52-56.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Olabisi O Ogunleye. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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