NR Randrianantoandro1*, O Rahamefy Randrianasolo2, DA Raharimaminjatovosoa1, N Zodaly1, J Razafimahefa1 and AD Tehindrazanarivelo1
1Neurology Département, Befelatanana University Hospital Antananarivo Madagascar, Africa
2Neurology Department, PZAGA University Hospital Majunga Madagascar, Africa
*Corresponding Author: NR Randrianantoandro, Neurology Département, Befelatanana University Hospital Antananarivo Madagascar, Africa.
Received: July 13, 2022; Published: September 20, 2022
Introduction: stroke-related mortality and morbidity remain high, especially in low-income countries. The objectives of this study were to determine the clinical characteristics, the brain CT scan characteristics and the intra-hospital mortality of strokes.
Materials and Methods: this is a descriptive, retrospective study over a period of 5 years, from July 2011 to June 2016. Included all patients hospitalized for stroke in the neurology department of Befelatanana University Hospital during this period with or without scanning evidence.
Results: 1272 patients were retained with an average age of 57.22 ± 10.1 years. The sex ratio was 0.96. Hypertension is the cardiovascular risk factor most frequently found at 82.40% of cases. In the majority of cases, moderate strokes with the median NIHSS value of 10 and the median Modified Rankin scale of 4 were observed. Seven hundred and forty-four patients (58.5%) had performed a brain CT scan. Intra-parenchymal hematomas represented 49.60% of cases and cerebral infarction 45.16%. The mortality was 13.36%. The main causes of death were neurological complications of a stroke at 43.52% of cases and pneumonia (31.17%).
Conclusions: Stroke morbidity and mortality remained high in our practice. The establishment of a Neuro Vascular Intensive Care Unit would improve the prognosis of this pathology.
Keywords: Brain CT Scan; Characteristics; Madagascar; Mortality; Stroke
Citation: NR Randrianantoandro., et al. “Clinical Characteristics and Hospital Mortality of Stroke in the Neurology Department of the Befelatanana University Hospital”. Acta Scientific Neurology 5.10 (2022): 48-51.
Copyright: © 2022 NR Randrianatoandro., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.