The Effect on Stroke Survivors Functional Outcome According to their Gender
Abdulmajeed Ali Alkathami1, Omar Khaled Ameen2*, Reem Hussein Darwich3, Ali Mahmoud Albalawi2 and Elhadi Miskeen4
1Medical Students, College of Medicine, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
2Stroke Fellow Physician, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, KSA
3Pediatric Cardiology Fellow Physician, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, KSA
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Omar Khaled Ameen, Stroke Fellow Physician, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, KSA.
October 25, 2021; Published: November 29, 2021
Introduction: Functional impairments accumulated after the stroke significantly affect daily living activities, and these patients often need assistance in performing basic life activities. The study aimed to assess the gender differences in functional disabilities among stroke survivors in home care facilities in the Bisha City of Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: An institutional survey was conducted using a standardized proforma. The proforma had the provision for recording sociodemographic details, and post-stroke functional status (degree of disability) was recorded using the Modified Rankin Scale (MRS). Pearson's chi-square test was used to see the association of degrees of disability with various sociodemographic and medical status of the stroke survivors.
Results: The mean mRS score was found to be 3.87 ± 0.8, where male stroke survivors showed significantly higher scores (4.10 ± 0.9) compared to females (3.70 ± 0.7) (p = 0.034). The IRS assessment also showed that severe disability was seen in 25.9% of patients, and it was comparatively higher in male stroke survivors. The degree of disability was also significantly higher among stroke patients who didn't involve in any physical activities (p = 0.047).
Conclusion : Functional status was more severe in male stroke survivors than females. Understanding the gender differences in the health profile would help the health professional for a better orientation of rehabilitative care in order to improve current intervention and/or implement new treatment strategies.
Keywords: Rehabilitation; Stroke; Functional Disability; Health Related Quality of Life
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