Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Letter to Editor Volume 4 Issue 9

Non-pharmacological Treatment of Bruxism in the Elderly

Reza Bidaki1,2 and Sahar Bijari3*

1Research Center of Addiction and Behavioral Sciences, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IR, Iran
2Diabetes Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, IR, Iran
3Department of Elderly Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Sahar Bijari, Department of Elderly Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Received: July 25, 2021; Published: August 12, 2021

Treatments for bruxism in the elderly is one of the major therapeutic challenges and is significant. Also, there is no definitive treatment, unit and specific instructions for treatment. The first line of treatment for bruxism is always non-drug treatment in the form of behavior therapy. In this article, we tried to have a brief discussion of non-drug treatments. Bruxism is defined as a daily or nocturnal functional activity, including squeezing, restraining, grinding teeth, severe contraction of facial muscles, annoying noises of grinding teeth at night, and tooth wear, which include sleeping and waking teeth [1,2]. Awakening teeth are more common in women than men, while sleeping teeth do not show such a gender prevalence [3]. Determining the exact prevalence of gritted teeth is difficult because most patients are unaware of their disease. In most studies, about 13% of adults aged 60-50 years and only 3% of the elderly grind their teeth during sleep [3,4].

Psychological approaches to managing bruxism include biofeedback, hypnosis therapy, cognitive therapy, biofeedback, behavior therapy, stress, and relaxation management. Despite documented links between gritted teeth and psychosocial factors, the effectiveness of these methods is not certain [5-7].


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  2. Rouse JS. “The bruxism triad”. Inside Dentistry5 (2010): 32-42.
  3. Huynh N., et al. “Weighing the potential effectiveness of various treatments for sleep bruxism”. Journal of the Canadian Dental Association8 (2007): 227-230.
  4. Yap AU and Chua AP. “Sleep bruxism: Current knowledge and contemporary management”. Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD5 (2016): 383.
  5. Johansson A., et al. “Bruxism and prosthetic treatment: a critical review”. Journal of Prosthodontic Research3 (2011): 127-136.
  6. Prasad KD., et al. “A review of current concepts in bruxism-diagnosis and management”. Nitte University Journal of Health Science4 (2014): 129.
  7. Thompson B., et al. “Treatment approaches to bruxism”. American Family Physician7 (1994): 1617-1622.
  8. Lal SJ and Weber KK. “Bruxism Management”. StatPearls (2020).


Citation: Reza Bidaki and Sahar Bijari. “Non-pharmacological Treatment of Bruxism in the Elderly". Acta Scientific Neurology 4.9 (2021): 24-25.


Copyright: © 2021 Reza Bidaki and Sahar Bijari. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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