The Effect of Functional Electrical Stimulation on Gait in Patients After Stroke: Review of Scientific
Guryanova EA1,3*, Kovalchuk VV2, Tikhoplav OA3 and Litvak FG4
1GAU APE "Postgraduate Doctors’ Training Institute" of the Ministry of Health of the Chuvash Republic, Cheboksary, Russia
2ST Petersburg State Budget Institution of Health "City Hospital No. 38 IM. N.A. SEMASHKO", Centre for Medical Rehabilitation, St. Petersburg, Pushkin, Russia
3Federal State Budget Institution of Higher Education "Chuvash State University THEM. I.N. Ulyanova", Cheboksary, Russia
4ITC INTEGRAL LLC, Moscow, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Prabhu MR, Research Assistant, Central Research Lab, Rajarajeswari Medical College and Hospital, Karnataka, India.
June 11, 2021; Published: July 19, 2021
The article provides a systematic review of the results of the researches on the effectiveness of the application of functional electrical stimulation (FES) for low extremities during the rehabilitation of patients after stroke. It is considered the effect of using FES on the improvements of walking speed, kinematics and gait symmetry, the ability to overcome obstacles, as well as improvements in the range of ankle movement and foot clearance while walking. In addition, it is discussed the positive impact of FES on muscle tone, on reducing the energy consumption and the risk of falls during walking, increased confidence and comfort of patients when walking with FES. This analysis also considers the speed of patients’ adaptation and their tolerance for FES devices, provides a comparative characteristic of functional electrical stimulation with using other ankle orthoses (AFO).
Keywords: Stroke; Rehabilitation; FES: Functional Electrical Stimulation; Gait Disorder; Gait Restoration; Motor Recovery
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