Avani Pal1* and Arati Mahishale2
1KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belgaum, India
2Assistant Professor, KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belgaum, India
*Corresponding Author: Avani Pal, KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belgaum, India.
Received: December 06, 2020; Published: January 22, 2021
Background: Urinary Incontinence (UI) is socially embarrassing condition which decreases the quality of life. Stress urinary incontinence has shown to lead to withdrawal from participation in high-impact activities. It may be considered a barrier for life-long and may cause the individual to withdrawn from social situation and decrease quality of life.
Objective: The main purpose of this study is to find out- 1) The incidence of Urinary Incontinence in female athletes. 2) To access a possible correlation between the type, duration, and intensity of sport to that of UI and in which sport the UI is more Prevalent.
Methods: A total sample size – 300 female athletes/sportswomen, participating in various sports at recreational, competitive and elite level selected from various universities and sports centre with Age Screening Criteria- 18-30 years.
Outcome Measures: The data was analyzed by Questionnaire for Urinary Incontinence Diagnosis (QUID), Revised Urinary Incontinence Scale (RUIS) for screening UI in female athletes, and King’s Health Questionnaire (KHQ) for quality of life.
Results: Overall, 16 female athletes reported (5.33%) of urine loss while participating in their sport/training. Track and field events had highest incidence of 9. 38%. Highest incidence was seen in elite 11.76% and competitive athletes 8.70%. QUID, RUIS and KHQ scores were correlated and showed statistically significant with p value of p = 0.0001* respectively.
Conclusion: UI in young nulliparous female athletes is 5.33% when screened in common Indian based sports.
Keywords: Urinary Incontinence; Athletes; Sports; Screening; Prevalence
Citation: Avani Pal and Arati Mahishale. “Screening of Urinary Incontinence in Female Athletes - An Observational Study”. Acta Scientific Neurology 4.2 (2021): 04-09.
Copyright: © 2021 Avani Pal and Arati Mahishale. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.