Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Invited Review Volume 3 Issue 12

Dental Health Issues in Persons with Epilepsy

Thania Elizabeth, Nandana J, Jithin George, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan*

R. Madhavan Nayar Center for Comprehensive Epilepsy Care, Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author: Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Professor of Neurology and Senior Epileptologist, R. Madhavan Nayar Center for Comprehensive Epilepsy Care, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India.

Received: November 17, 2020; Published: November 30, 2020

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Abstract

  Epilepsy is a neurological disorder with significant disabilities. Persons with epilepsy (PWE) often need special care and attention. A PWE can have multiple dental health issues in them. It can be due to poor oral hygiene, socioeconomic factors, neglect from the caregiver’s end, antiepileptic medications or due to the attitude by dentists towards them. Seizures by itself can lead on to bone fracture/tooth loss. Antiseizure medications can cause gingival hyperplasia, osteopenia, gum bleeding etc. While giving medications by dentists, undue care should be given to avoid prescribing drugs that lowers seizure threshold. Also in the dental care setting, education of dental hygiene is important. Also it is better to avoid removable dentures. While doing dental surgical procedures, the time duration should be made short as far as possible. Dentists should be made aware that they shouldn’t neglect the care they are supposed to give for PWE.

Keywords: Dental Health; PWE; Antiseizure Drugs; Management; First Aid

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Citation

Citation: Ashalatha Radhakrishnan., et al. "Dental Health Issues in Persons with Epilepsy". Acta Scientific Neurology 3.12 (2020): 55-61.




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