Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 9

Preterm Births and Cognitive Development

Frolli A1, Ricci MC1, Valenzano L1, Cavallaro A1, Pastorino GMG2 and Operto FF2*

1Disability Research Centre of University of International Studies in Rome, Rome, Italy
2Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy

*Corresponding Author: Operto FF, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Received: June 13, 2020; Published: August 10, 2020

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Abstract

  The birth of a premature baby is a decisive factor in determining long-term consequences on cognitive development. Considering the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) as a reference, there are several evidences resulting from numerous studies that show a variation in the cognitive profile: preterm-born children have been shown to have an increased risk of cognitive impairment and have consistently shown lower results than control groups on standardized tests of general intellectual functioning. In our study we expand the sample age and evaluate the cognitive profile of adolescents and understand if cognitive abilities had specific effects, comparing a group of adolescents born preterm (group 1) with a group of adolescents born on term (group 2). Broadening the study population age, we may conclude that the impairment of WM’s abilities persists during the course of development, and therefore subjects with a preterm birth history continue to present difficulties in global cognitive functioning, also impacting lifestyle.

Keywords: Preterm Infants; Cognitive Development; Specific Learning Disorders; Working Memory

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Citation

Citation: Operto FF., et al . “Preterm Births and Cognitive Development".Acta Scientific Neurology 3.9 (2020): 03-07.




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Impact Factor0.844

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