Acta Scientific Neurology (ASNE) (ISSN: 2582-1121)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 5

Mental Health of Healthcare Personnel during Quarantine for Infectious Epidemic--Real-time Data

Uriel Halbreich1* and Fanqiang Meng2

1Chair, World Psychiatric Association (WPA) Section on Interdisciplinary Collaboration and Professor of Psychiatry, Director of Bio-Behavioral Research, Jacob`s School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New- York (SUNY-AB), USA
2Professor of Psychiatry, Beijing University, President and CEO, H&J CRO International, Beijing, China

*Corresponding Author: Uriel Halbreich, Chair, World Psychiatric Association (WPA) Section on Interdisciplinary Collaboration and Professor of Psychiatry, Director of Bio- Behavioral Research, Jacob`s School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, The State University of New-York (SUNY-AB), USA.

Received: April 02, 2020; Published: April 28, 2020



Background: The 2020 Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been causing significant fear and anxiety among the general public and demonstrate insufficient preparedness of Healthcare systems. It shed light on front-line Healthcare-personnel who should function and treat others while they share the same stressful situations.

Objective: To provide actual real-time data on mood and mental symptoms of Healthcare personnel in quarantined wards during the Chinese-SARS epidemic, in order to support procedures for functioning of personnel during current and future epidemics.

Setting, Participants and Measurements: Cross-sectional Study was conducted during the acute exacerbation of the SARS epidemic at quarantined wards by nurses who were embedded and quarantined with the patients. Mood and perceptions of Healthcare-personnel infected (n = 55) and not infected (n = 149) with SARS, as well as those during quarantine “rehabilitation” (n = 62) were compared to SARS patients (n = 96), healthy quarantined students (n = 55) and healthy non-quarantined controls (n = 52).Structured interviews were conducted with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Spielberger’s State-Trait inventory, symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and a situation-specific questionnaire.

Results: Healthcare-personnel -- infected and not-infected, suffered as much mood, anxiety and other stress-induced symptoms as their SARS patients. Strictly enforced quarantine amplified personnel’s frustration, mental symptoms and mistrust in authorities.

Limitations: Data was collected when many patients were assisted by respirators, some could not be included.

Conclusion: During acute epidemics front-line Healthcare-Personnel are exposed to same and even more extreme situations as their patients. Their emotional state under tumultuous situations should be of concern.

Implications: Mental well-being procedures and enhancement of Mental resilience of Healthcare teams should be an integral component of their preparedness for future disasters.

Keywords: Healthcare Personnel; Corona Virus; SARS; Infectious Diseases; Mental Health; Preparedness; Well-Being



  1. World Health Organization (WHO). Strategic preparedness and response plan:2019 Novel Corona virus (2019-nCOV) WHO draft of (2020).
  2. Xiang Y-T., et al. “Timely mental health care of the 2019 novel Corona virus outbreak is urgently needed”. Lancet Psychiatry (2020).
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-CDC CDC in action: Preparing Communities for potential spread of COVID-19. Interim US guidance for Risk Assessment and Public Health Management of healthcare Personnel with potential exposure in healthcare setting to patients with Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) (2020).
  4. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak: Rights, roles and responsibilities of health Workers including key considerations for occupational safety and health. WHO, Geneva Switzerland (2020).
  5. Xu XY., et al. “The clinical epidemiologic characteristics of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)”. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao 35 (2003): 5-6.
  6. Liu P. “Beck Depression Inventory (Chinese version)”. In: Manual of Mental Health Rating Scales. Editions: Wang Xiangdong, Ma Hong; Chinese Journal Mental Health (1999):191- 193.
  7. Zheng X., et al. “Validation of Chinese version of Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI-Form Y”. Chinese Journal Mental Health 7 (1993): 60-62.
  8. Wang Z. “Chinese version of Symptom Checklist 90, SCL-90”. Shanghai Psychiatry2 (1984): 68-70.
  9. Goula P., et al. “General hospital staff worries, perceived sufficiency of information and associated psychological distress during the A/H1N1 influenza Pandemic”. BMC Infectious Diseases 10 (2010): 322.
  10. Maunder RG., et al. “Factors associated with the psychological impact of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome on nurses and other hospital workers in Toronto”. Psychosomatic Medicine6 (2006): 938-942.
  11. Styra R., et al. “Impact on health care workers employed in high-risk areas during the Toronto SARS outbreak”. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2 (2006):177-183.
  12. Bai Y-M., et al. “Survey of stress reactions among health-care workers involved with the SARS outbreak”. Psychiatric Services9 (2014): 1055-1057.
  13. Tam CWC., et al. “Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in Hong-Kong in 2003: stress and psychological impact among frontline health care workers”. Psychological Medicine7 (2004): 1197-1204.
  14. Wong TW., et al. “The psychological impact of severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on health care workers in emergency departments and how they cope”. European Journal of Emergency Medicine1 (2005): 13-18.
  15. Moyer CS. “Doctors confront burst of mental health problems after disasters”. AMA News (2011).
  16. Connor KM and Davidson JR “Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC)”. Depression and Anxiety2 (2003): 76-82.
  17. Interagency Standing committee-IASA IASA guidelines for Mental Health and Psycho Social Support (MHPSS) in emergency settings (2020).
  18. Southwick SM and Charney DS. “Resilience-The science of mastering life `s greatest challenges”. Cambridge University Press, New York, London (2012)
  19. Pueyo T. Coronavirus: why you must act now-Politicians, Community Leaders and Business Leaders: what you should do and when? (2020).


Citation: Uriel Halbreich and Fanqiang Meng. “Mental Health of Healthcare Personnel during Quarantine for Infectious Epidemic--Real-time Data".Acta Scientific Neurology 3.5 (2020): 24-30.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 20, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US