Acta Scientific Microbiology

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 2

Hematological Response of Clarias batrachus to Sodium Fluoride-Induced Toxicity

4

Saya Tyagi1, Nandini Rastogi1, Varsha Gupta1, Imtiyaz Qayoom2* and Rashmi Tripathi1*

1Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali, Rajasthan, India
2Division of Aquatic Environmental Management, Faculty of Fisheries, SKUAST-K, India

*Corresponding Author: Rashmi Tripathi, Assistant Professor, Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali and Imtiyaz Qayoom, Assistant Professor, Division of Aquatic Environmental Management, Faculty of Fisheries, SKUAST-K, India.

Received: December 21, 2023; Published: January 24, 2024

Abstract

This study aimed to assess Sodium fluoride's toxic effects on the hematological parameters of Clarias batrachus. Sodium fluoride is a major pollutant in aquatic environment and exposure to sodium fluoride in the environment can lead to bioaccumulation in fish. In most aquatic habitats, fish are at the top of the food chain and are most vulnerable to the toxic effects of high levels of sodium fluoride. Juvenile C. batrachus (length 13.4 ± 1.3 cm, and weight 24.3 ± 3.5 g) were exposed to sodium fluoride at different concentrations (34.975 mg/l and 87.43 mg/L)for ten days. The hematological parameters were examined, including RBC, WBC count, PCV, clotting time, hemoglobin%, MCV, MCH, and MCHC. The parameters such as RBCs, Hb%, PCV, MCV, MCH and MCHC PCV substantially decreased whereas, WBC count was found to be increased in experimental groups. The derived hematological indices of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were equally altered compared to control. The results of this study demonstrate that exposure to Sodium fluoride is toxic to C. batrachus and induces alterations in the hematological parameters.

Keywords: Clarias batrachus; Hematology; Sodium Fluoride; Toxicity; Low and High Dose

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Citation

Citation: Imtiyaz Qayoom., et al. “Hematological Response of Clarias batrachus to Sodium Fluoride-Induced Toxicity".Acta Scientific Microbiology 7.2 (2024): 93-101.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Imtiyaz Qayoom., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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