Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 1

Fungal Flora Associated with Petroleum-Impacted Farmland in Borobara Community, Ogoni-Land, Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

Chinedu Christian Iheanacho1*, Ikenna Light Nkwocha2 and Tega Lilian Ataikiru3

1Department of Microbiology, Federal University Wukari, Wukari City, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt, Choba, Port Harcourt City, Rivers State, Nigeria
3Microbiology of Environmental Science, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Efurun, Delta State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Chinedu Christian Iheanacho, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Wukari, Wukari City, Taraba State, Nigeria.

Received: November 14, 2023; Published: December 04, 2023

Abstract

Indigenous fungal species of hydrocarbon-impacted soil were isolated and characterized using standard techniques. Soil samples were collected from Borobara community, Tai L.G.A, Rivers State, an oil exploration zone of Nigeria’s Niger Delta and transported to the laboratory for analyses. Nine (9) fungal isolates were screened for hydrocarbon biodegradation potentials in a shake-flask culture incorporated with 1% crude oil (hydrocarbon) and redox reagent (2% 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenols) for 14 days. Eight fungal isolates showed potentials for hydrocarbon degradation employing colour change, optical density and total hydrocarbon content (THC) depletion as monitoring parameters for 14 days. Five of the isolates exhibited the fastest onset and highest extent of biodegradation and were identified as: Aspergillus sp., Yarrowia sp. (1), Yarrowia sp. (2), Zygorrhinchus sp. (1) and Zygorrhinchus sp. (2). In this study, it was observed that the highest THC biodegradation efficiency was exhibited by Yarrowia sp. (1) and Zygorrhinchus sp. (2). This indicated that these fungal species are efficient hydrocarbon degraders. Thus, they can be considered in strain development programme for bioremediation of hydrocarbon-polluted farmlands (soil).

Keywords: Hydrocarbon; Fungal Isolates; Borobara Community; Niger Delta

References

  1. Aislabie J., et al. “Potential of biodegradation of hydrocarborns in soil from the Ross Dependency, Antarctica”. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 49 (1998): 210-214.
  2. April TM., et al. “Hydrocarbon-degrading filamentous fungi isolated from flare pit soils in Northern and Western Canada”. Canadian Journal of Microbiology1 (2000): 38-49.
  3. Atlas RM and Bartha R. “Abundance, distribution and oil degradation potential of microorganisms in Raritan Bay”. Environmental Pollution (1970) 4 (1973): 291-300.
  4. Bogan BW and Lamar R. “Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degrading of Phanerochaete chrysosporium HHB-1625 and its extra cellular ligninolytic enzymes”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology5 (1996): 1597-1603.
  5. Chaillana F., et al. “Identification and biodegradation potential of tropical aerobic hydrocarbon-degrading microorganisms”. Research Microbiology7 (2004): 587-595.
  6. Christofi N and Ivshina IB. “Microbial surfactants and their use in field studies of soil remediation: a review”. Journal of Applied Microbiology 93 (2002): 915-929.
  7. Desai A., et al. “A rapid and simple screening technique for potential crude oil degrading microorganisms”. Biotechnology Techniques10 (1993): 745-748.
  8. George-Okafor UO., et al. “Hydrocarbon Degradation Potentials of Indigenous Fungal Isolates from Petroleum Contaminated Soils”. Journal of Physical and Natural Sciences 1 (2009): 2-5.
  9. George-Okafor UO., et al. “Degradation activities of bacteria flora resident at remote and recent hydrocarbon contaminated soils located within Enugu metropolis”. Journal of Applied Sciences2 (2005): 4780-4791.
  10. Iheanacho CC., et al. “Hydrocarbon degradation potentials of indigenous fungal isolates from a petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soil in Sakpenwa community, Niger Delta”. Global Advanced Research Journal of Environmental Science and Toxicology1 (2014): 6-11.
  11. Ivshina NB., et al. “Oil desorption from mineral and organic materials using biosurfactant complexes produced by Rhodococcus species”. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 14 (1998): 711-717.
  12. Kerry E. “Bioremediation of experimental petroleum spills on mineral soils in the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica”. Polar Biology 13 (1993): 163-170.
  13. Kerry E. “Microorganisms colonizing plants soil subjected to different degrees of human activity, including petroleum contamination in the Vestfold Hills and MacRobertson Land. Antarctica”. Polar Biology 10 (1990): 423-430.
  14. Leahy JG and Colwell RR. “Microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the environment”. Microbiology 3 (1990): 305-315.
  15. Nkwocha IL and Odokuma LO. “Monoaromatic hydrocarbon bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil using HBB5 biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonasxiamenensis”. Journal of Advances in Microbiology 7 (2021): 7-18.
  16. Oboh OB., et al. “Hydrocarbon Degrading Potentials of Bacteria Isolated from a Nigerian Bitumen (Tarsand) Deposit”. Nature and Science3 (2006): 53.
  17. Salu AO. “Securing environmental protection in the Nigeria oil industry”. Modern Practice Journal of Finance and Law 3 (1999): 31-39.

Citation

Citation: Chinedu Christian Iheanacho., et al. “Fungal Flora Associated with Petroleum-Impacted Farmland in Borobara Community, Ogoni-Land, Niger Delta Area of Nigeria". Acta Scientific Microbiology 7.1 (2024): 08-15.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Chinedu Christian Iheanacho.,et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In






News and Events


Contact US