Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 9

Identification of Encapsulated Yeasts of the Cryptococcus neoformans Fungus in Public Areas and Surfaces Close to Pigeon (Columba livia) Droppings

Aurora Martínez-Romero1*, José L Ortega-Sánchez3, Luis O García-Contreras1, Maribel Cervantes-Flores2, Gloria G Guerrero-Manriquez4, José J Alba-Romero1, Deissie A Salinas-Torres1 and Perla G Muñoz-Valles1

1Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Gómez Palacio, Juarez University of the State of Durango, Durango, Mexico

2Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Juarez University of the State of Durango, Durango, Durango, Mexico

3Autonomous University Chapingo, Regional University Unit of Arid zones. Bermejillo, Durango, Mexico

4University Autonome of Zacatecas, Unit of Biological Sciences, Lab of Immunobiology, Campus II, Zacatecas, Zac, Mexico

*Corresponding Author: Aurora Martinez R, Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Gómez Palacio, Juarez University of the State of Durango, Durango, Mexico.

Received: July 26, 2023; Published: August 11, 2023

Abstract

Cryptococcosis is a systemic fungal infectious disease caused by the Cryptococcus neoformans/Cryptococcus gattii complex (serotypes A and D). Cryptococcus infections occur by inhalation of blastospores and basidiospores that establish an acute or chronic primary lung infection caused by capsule yeast, especially C. neoformans. The urban pigeon (Columba livia) is the most important as a reservoir for the fungus C. neoformans; this is the cause of fungal meningitis, which causes approximately 278,000 cases and 181,000 deaths each year. In the present study, 100 samples of pigeon excreta were taken, carrying out a cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study. The results showed an identification percentage of 30% positive for C. neoformans and 70% corresponding to the presence of other fungal species. Concluding that dovecotes and pigeon feces continue to be one of the main mechanisms of fungal transmission and multiple diseases. 

Keywords: Cryptococcosis; Cryptococcus neoformans; Pigeons (Columba livia)

References

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Citation

Citation: Aurora Martínez-Romero., et al. “Identification of Encapsulated Yeasts of the Cryptococcus neoformans Fungus in Public Areas and Surfaces Close to Pigeon (Columba livia) Droppings". Acta Scientific Microbiology 6.9 (2023): 52-59.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Aurora Martínez-Romero1., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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