Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Microbiological Pattern of Surgical Site Infection Following Surgery at A Tertiary Level Hospital

Syeda Tamanna Tanjil1*, Mohammad Jayedul Islam2, Sharmin Akter Suma3, KM Shaiful Islam4 and Md Rassel5

1Consultant Clinical Pathologist, Department of Laboratory Medicine, SIBL Foundation Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Junior Consultant, Department of Surgery, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5Associate Professor, Department of Surgical Oncology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Syeda Tamanna Tanjil, Consultant Clinical Pathologist, Department of Laboratory Medicine, SIBL Foundation Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh Email: drtamannatanjil@gmail.com.

Received: April 19, 2023; Published: May 03, 2023

Abstract

Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSI) constitute a major public health problem worldwide and are the second most frequently reported nosocomial infections. They are responsible for increasing the treatment cost, length of hospital stays and significant morbidity and mortality.

Aim of the Study: The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of SSIs and the prevalence of aerobic bacterial pathogens involved with their antibiogram.

Materials and Methods: Samples were collected using sterile cotton swabs from 137 patients clinically diagnosed of having SSIs and were processed as per standard microbiological techniques. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was done using modified Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. This cross sectional study was conducted for a period of six months (January 2020 to June 2020) in the Department of Microbiology at Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Sher-E-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka.

Results: Out of 768 patients, 137 (17.8%) were found to have SSIs and samples were collected from them. Out of total 137 samples, 132 (96.4%) yielded bacterial growth and 139 bacterial isolates were obtained. Staphylococcus aureus (50.4%) was the commonest organism followed by Escherichia coli (23.02%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (7.9%) and Citrobacter species (7.9%). Antimicrobial profile of gram positive isolates revealed maximum sensitivity to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid, whereas among gram negative isolates meropenem, piperacillin-tazobactam, and amikacin were found to be most sensitive.

Conclusion: The rate of SSI observed in this study was comparable to other similar studies, however we observed a higher degree of antimicrobial resistance. Adherence to strict infection control measures, maintenance of proper hand hygiene and optimal preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative patient care will surely reduce the incidence of SSIs.

 Keywords: Surgical Site Infection; Wound Infections; Antibiotic Sensitivity; Meropenem; Staphylococcus

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Citation

Citation: Syeda Tamanna Tanjil., et al. “Microbiological Pattern of Surgical Site Infection Following Surgery at A Tertiary Level Hospital". Acta Scientific Microbiology 6.6 (2023): 05-10.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Syeda Tamanna Tanjil., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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