Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Mini Review Volume 6 Issue 5

Adenovirus an Increasing Concern in West Bengal - Manifestation, Detection, Prevention and Treatment

Bijurica Chakraborty1, Sounik Sarkar1, Anowara Gazi1, Santanu Das1, Md Selim Jafor1 and Rajib De1,2*

1Multi-disciplinary Research Unit (MRU), Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

2Department of Haematology, Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

*Corresponding Author: Rajib De, Multi-disciplinary Research Unit (MRU), Nil Ratan Sircar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Received: April 10, 2023; Published: April 20, 2023

Abstract

Human Adenovirus (hAdv) infections are currently at a surge in India with West Bengal holding a prominent place. Patient cohort with majority being children are getting reported with flue like symptoms, low oxygen level and upper respiratory tract infection. Diarrhoea and pink eyes are also getting noted. Clinical manifestations by different serotypes of the aforementioned DNA virus were previously confined to multifaceted mild symptoms but recently taking a serious toll mainly due to mutant varieties of the virus. Since contamination spreads mainly through droplet infection and faecal-oral route, personal hygiene holds most superior preventive measure. Patient infective swabs, stool and/or blood can be tested for presence of hAdv by different diagnostic methods, PCR based techniques being commonly followed in most pathological laboratories. Number of patients both paediatric and adults are getting admitted in different hospitals of West Bengal with increasing reports of hAdv infection. Treatments for specific clinical symptoms are provided to admitted cases, whereas certain drugs like Ganciclovir and Ribavirin are used to treat severe hAdv infections, but with variable success rate. Drug Cidofovir had shown some degree of moderate success in treatment of immune-compromised hAdv patients. However, no specific treatment has been reported till date for hAdv infection.

Keywords: Adenovirus; hAdv; Infection; Diagnosis; Reported Cases; West Bengal

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Citation

Citation: Rajib De., et al. “Adenovirus an Increasing Concern in West Bengal - Manifestation, Detection, Prevention and Treatment". Acta Scientific Microbiology 6.5 (2023): 74-78.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Rajib De., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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