Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 3

A Review - Anticancer and Antidiabetic Activity of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) Fruit

Sanobar Moh Uzer Shaikh*, Harsh Ghevariya and Nilofar Shaikh

C.G Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, India

*Corresponding Author: Sanobar Moh Uzer Shaikh, C.G Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, India.

Received: January 09, 2023; Published: February 21, 2023

Abstract

Traditional medicine has utilised Morinda citrifolia, often known as Noni or Indian mulberry, to cure variety of ailments. Noni is evergreen shrub with strong butyric acid odour and smell, as well as astringent taste, in its mature fruit and leaves. Crude extracts of M. citrifolia (Rubiaceae) produced from leaves and fruit using various solvents such as methanol, ethanol, and water and subjected to phytochemical analysis. M. citrifolia phytochemical investigations reveal wide range of secondary metabolites. Fruit and leaves of this traditional medicinal plant are used by many communities across world for their various therapeutic qualities. Individual components of M. citrifolia, including its fruits, seeds, barks, leaves, and flowers, are used for nutritional and medicinal purposes, but its fruit is thought to contain most important chemical compounds. Antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, antihelmintics, analgesic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, and immunological boosting properties have been discovered in Morinda citrifolia. noni plant, in conclusion, has chemical components that are effective in treating variety of illnesses. As result, noni plant may be turned into phytopharmaca. We review noni's anti-diabetic properties, as well as distinctions between traditional and current noni use, as well as positive clinical trials of noni products and obstacles in clinical translation of noni's health advantages. First, freeze-dried noni fruit was tested, which decreased pain perception but did not reverse advanced cancer. In the second study, we looked at smokers who consumed unknown amount of noni juice and saw lower levels of aromatic DNA adducts and plasma superoxide anion radicals.

Keywords: M. citrifolia; Anti-Diabetic; Anti-Cancer; Phytochemical; Pharmacological Activity

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Citation

Citation: Sanobar Moh Uzer Shaikh., et al. “A Review - Anticancer and Antidiabetic Activity of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) Fruit". Acta Scientific Microbiology 6.3 (2023): 69-74.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Sanobar Moh Uzer Shaikh., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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