Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 1

Multi-drug Resistance of Microbial Contaminants of Paper Currencies in Bangladesh: An Overlooked Public Health Concern

Md Abdul Khalek1, Md Hasibul Hasan2, Harunur Rashid2, Md Fakruddin3, Raisa Rafia4, Md Iqbal Hossain1, Cotton Chakma5, Md. Shiblee Sadik Sabuj6, Md Aoulad Hosen4, Mohammad Shariful Islam7  and Ms Jinia Afroz1*

1Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Faculty of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Science, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet, Bangladesh

3Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Department of Microbiology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh

5Department of Microbiology, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Sonapur, Noakhali, Bangladesh

6Department of Veterinary Medicine and Institute of Animal Transplantation, Jeonbuk National University, Korea

7Department of Microbiology, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

*Corresponding Author: Ms Jinia Afroz, Department of Microbiology, Primeasia University, Banani, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Received: November 26, 2022; Published: December 20, 2022


Bangladeshi banknotes, like other world currencies, are passed through the hands of many people and are involved in the transmission of microorganisms, some of which are potentially harmful to health. This study aims to identify the bacterial pathogen on circulating Bangladeshi banknotes in Dhaka city and their antibiotic resistance. A total of 160 bacteria belonging to five genera such as Pseudomonas spp., Klebsiella spp., Enterococcus spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus were isolated from 110 banknote samples collected from different commercial areas in Dhaka city. The highest bacteria was found in 20 taka notes on the fish vendor's site. Most of the isolates were found to be highly resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Among the coagulase-negative Staphylococcus strains, the highest resistance was found against gentamycin (60%), followed by azithromycin (40%) and clindamycin (40%), among the Klebsiella spp. Isolated in this investigation, the highest resistance was found against clindamycin (60%), followed by ampicillin (50%). Such multi-antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the Bangladeshi banknote is a potential public health threat, and this long-overlooked concern should be dealt with a coordinated approach.

Keywords: Currency; Antibiotic Resistance; Bacteria; Pathogens; Public Health


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Citation: Ms Jinia Afroz., et al. “Multi-drug Resistance of Microbial Contaminants of Paper Currencies in Bangladesh: An Overlooked Public Health Concern". Acta Scientific Microbiology 6.1 (2023): 03-08.


Copyright: © 2022 Ms Jinia Afroz., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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