Emerging Threats to Community Due to Antimicrobial Resistance: Mechanism and Facts
Monalisa Debbarma, Purabi Baral and Rajashree Panigrahy*
IMS and SUM Hospital, Shiksha o Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, India
*Corresponding Author: Rajashree Panigrahy, Department of Microbiology, IMS and SUM Hospital, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, India, Orcid ID: 0000-0002-4015-4894.
July 22, 2022; Published: August 05, 2022
Due to emerging resistance mechanisms imposed by the microbes, antimicrobial resistance creates a danger to our ability to treat the prevalent infections. It is particularly concerning to see how the multi-drug resistant microorganisms which are also known as "superbugs," are expanding across the globe and causing diseases that are drug resistant. Clinical trials for new antibiotics are increasingly running out. Out of thirty two antibiotics, six were classified as novel by WHO in 2019. The scarcity of top-notch antimicrobials continues to be a major problem. The lack of antibiotics is wreaking havoc on developing nations, especially for the healthcare industry. As drug resistance grows globally, antibiotics are becoming more and more valuable. Because AMR reduces the patient’s recovery or caregiver’s productivity by requiring longer hospital period for more intensive and expensive treatment affecting economic and health care cost. Therefore, there should be rationale use of antimicrobials and hence the antimicrobial prescription has to be updated periodically and followed.
Keywords:Anti-bacterial; Antibiotics; Drug-Resistance; Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR); Multi-drug Resistant Bacteria; Anti-fungal; Anti-viral; Anti-tubercular
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