Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 9

How Social Engagement Against Covid-19 in a Brazilian Slum Helped Mitigate Rising Statistics

Heitor Evangelista1, Sérgio J Gonçalves Junior1*, Eduardo Delfino Sodré1, Juliana Nogueira1, Rodrigo Goldenberg-Barbosa1, Newton Magalhães1, Angela MG dos Santos2, Ricardo HM Godoi3, Cesar Amaral1, Marcio Cataldo G da Silva1, Daniel A Junger de Oliveira1 and Luís Cristóvão Porto2

1Laboratory of Radioecology and Global Changes (LARAMG)/DBB/IBRAG, Rio de Janeiro State Univeristy (Uerj), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

2Laboratory of Histocompatibility and Cryopreservation, Piquet Carneiro Polyclinic, Rio de Janeiro State Univeristy (Uerj), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

3Environmental Engineering Department, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, PR, Brazil

*Corresponding Author: Sérgio J Gonçalves Junior, LARAMG - Laboratory of Radioecology and Global Changes/DBB/IBRAG, Uerj, Pavilhão Haroldo L, Cunha/DBB/IBRAG, Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Received: May 02, 2022; Published: August 03, 2022

Abstract

For many underdeveloped countries, strategies implemented by social communities allied to scientific knowledge may be a rote to attenuate the rapid spread of Covid-19 cases and allow services to the population. This work presents a joint effort collaboration between scientists and underserved community groups from a Brazilian slum/Santa Marta in Rio de Janeiro City in the fight against Covid-19. Measurements of contamination in the air near the ground and georeferencing of data of infected people were regressed with sanitization activities aiming at reducing the Covid-19 incidence. We monitored aerosol containing SARS-Cov-2 virus in outdoor ambient air using various virus collection mediums (solid, liquid, and gelatinous substrates) at different aerodynamic sizes. We implemented a local statistics survey for the Covid-19 database correlated with varying sanitization levels between April 2020 and June 2021 developed in the Santa Marta slum. We detected the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the air near the ground in diameters ranging from 0.25 to 0.5 µm, demonstrating that there is a circulation of the virus in the slum atmosphere. We demonstrate that Covid-19 cases for the Santa Marta slum were significatively lowered with improved sanitization levels (r = -0.74). Despite previous publications that discarded the use of sanitization as a relevant tool in the fight against Covid-19, our results suggest that profits can be achieved in mitigating Covid-19 in underserved community sites. Furthermore, a permanent sanitization activity may induce positive social behaviour to combat Covid-19.

Keywords: Covid-19; Virus Variants; Santa Marta Slum; Sanitization; Aerosols

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Citation

Citation: Heitor Evangelista., et al. “How Social Engagement Against Covid-19 in a Brazilian Slum Helped Mitigate Rising Statistics". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.9 (2022): 24-40 .

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Heitor Evangelista., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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