Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 8

Estimation of COVID-19 Antibody (IgG) Titer Among Fully Vaccinated, Partially Vaccinated and Non-vaccinated Individuals in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern India

Anindya Das1*, Arpita Neogi2, Parthajit Banerjee3, Subhrajit Sengupta4 and Meghna Kundu4

1Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Science, Kolkata, India

2Tutor, Department of Microbiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Science, Kolkata, India

3Professor, Department of Microbiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Science, Kolkata, India

4Master’s Trainee, Techno India University, India

*Corresponding Author: Anindya Das, Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal University of Health Science, Kolkata, India.

Received: July 04, 2022; Published: July 19, 2022

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) is predominantly a respiratory tract infection sometimes presenting as a viral fever and sometimes having more severe presentation involving other systems also. This is a condition caused by a novel coronavirus named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; called 2019-nCoV). It was first identified when an outbreak of respiratory illness transgressed throughout the Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. Similar to many other infectious diseases, not only the humoral immunity but also the T-cell mediated immunity in the form of acquired immunity, is important in the elimination of pathogens, including SARS-CoV-2. Viral surface glycoproteins like the spike glycoprotein and the nucleocapsid protein plays important role in the generation of humoral immune responses to SARS-CoV-2, as they stimulate the production of antibodies. The current study was conducted to evaluate the immune response of the people by the development of virus specific IgG antibodies. 78 subjects were enrolled in the study and estimation of IgG antibody of COVID-19 among fully vaccinated, partially vaccinated, triple vaccinated and non-vaccinated individuals was done by ELISA. The inclusion criteria was the patients seeking admission in the hospital, undergoing RT-PCR test and further work up; and the exclusion criteria was the patients undergoing RT-PCR test for travel or other purposes, not seeking hospital admission. Our findings were that after COVID-19 vaccination sero-positivity to nucleocapsid and spike protein antigens developed in 92% of the individuals participating in the study. It was also observed that 26% vaccinated people developed mildly positive IgG antibody titer (1.1 - 3.0 U/ml); 56.5% vaccinated people developed moderately positive (3.0 - 10.0 U/ml) and 17% vaccinated people developed strongly positive (> 10.0 U/ml) COVID 19 IgG antibody titer. The vaccines are an efficacious tool to combat the deadly disease where they have reduced the chance of hospitalization and complications caused by the disease.

Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; IgG antibody; Spike Glycoprotein; Nucleocapsid Protein; ELISA

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Citation

Citation: Anindya Das., et al. “Estimation of COVID-19 Antibody (IgG) Titer Among Fully Vaccinated, Partially Vaccinated and Non-vaccinated Individuals in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Eastern India". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.8 (2022): 84-89.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Anindya Das., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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