Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 7

Microbiological Quality of Roasted Cowhide Meat (‘Ponmo’) Processed and Sold in Some Abattoirs in Bayelsa and Rivers States

Ariyo Adenike Bosede1* and Obire Omokaro2

1Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

2Department of Microbiology, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Ariyo Adenike Bosede, Department of Microbiology, Federal University, Otuoke, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Received: June 03, 2022; Published: June 29, 2022

Abstract

Pathogenic microorganisms associated with food are one of the major causes of food-borne infections. The microbiological quality of cowhide meat from different abattoirs in Rivers and Bayelsa States were investigated using standard microbiological methods. The mean range of the total heterotrophic bacteria, coliform, Vibrio, heterotrophic fungal, total hydrocarbon utilizing bacterial and total hydrocarbon utilizing fungal counts of the cowhide from the different abattoirs were: 1.8×106 to 4.8×106 cfu/g, 1.7×105 to 3.6×105 cfu/g, 0 to 4.0×103 cfu/g, 1.0×104 to 4.0×104 cfu/g, 1.0×104 to 3.3×104 cfu/g, and 1.6 ×103 to 4.3×103 cfu/g respectively. Nine (9) bacteria identified and their frequencies are: Bacillus sp (20.39%), Staphylococcus sp (17.91%), Escherichia coli (13.03%), Pseudomonas sp. (11.44%), Streptococcus sp. (10.44%), Micrococcus sp. (9.45%), Aeromonas sp. (8.45%), Klebsiella sp (5.47%), and Vibrio sp (2.9%). Percentages of occurrence of hydrocarbon utilizing bacteria and fungi were also reported. Kruskal Walis H test showed that there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in the total heterotrophic bacteria and total hydrocarbon utilizing bacterial counts obtained in all the locations. However, there was significant difference in the heterotrophic fungal counts across the locations while analysis showed no significant difference in the hydrocarbon utilizing fungal counts across the abattoirs (p < 0.01). The high microbial counts in the cowhide meat sampled and the isolation of potential pathogens as well as mycotoxin producing fungi are indicative of possible contamination during processing. Thus, the public should be aware of the dangers associated with consumption of cowhide meat and the need for proper post purchase preparation before consumption.

Keywords: Cowhide Meat; Abattoir; Coliform; Mycotoxin; Fungi; Hydrocarbon Utilizing Potentials

References

  1. Olukitibi T., et al. “Isolation and Antibiogram of Bacteria Isolated from Processed and Unprocessed Cow-Skin (Ponmo) in Ogbese Market”. Journal of Advances in Microbiology4 (2017): 1-8.
  2. Keta JN., et al. “Bacteria Contamination of Market Vended Ponmo (Processed Cowhide) in Birnin Kebbi”. Equity Journal of Science and Technology 1 (2020): 41-45.
  3. Tijani SA and Ajayi OO. “Perception of stakeholders to the proposed ban on cowhide consumption in Ogun State”. Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Extension 1 (2016): 173-182.
  4. Obiri-Danso K, et al. “Assessment of the contamination of singed hides from cattle and goats by heavy metals in Ghana”. African Journal Environmental Science and Technology 2.8 (2008): 217-221.
  5. Okiei W., et al. “Determination of toxic metal concentrations in flame-treated meat products, ponmo”. African Journal of Biochemistry Research10 (2009): 332-339.
  6. Adesemoye AO., et al. “Microbial content of abattoir wastewater and its contaminated soil in Lagos, Nigeria”. African Journal of Biotechnology20 (2006): 1963-1968.
  7. Prescott LM., et al. “Microbiology”. (11th Edition), McGraw Hill London: WMC Brown Publishers (2020): 1104.
  8. Mills AL., et al. “Enumeration of petroleum-degrading marine and estuarine microorganisms by the most probable number method”. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 24 (1978): 552- 557.
  9. Okerentugba PO and Ezeronye OU. “Petroleum degradation potentials of single and mixed microbial cultures isolated from rivers and refinery effluents in Nigeria”. African Journal of Biotechnology9 (2003): 288-292.
  10. Obire O and Deeyah FE. “Effect of cassava processing effluent on microbial diversity and physicochemical constituents of soils”. Journal of Agricultural and Horticulture Research. 3 (2021): 92-97.
  11. Oyibo N and Obire O. “Impact of oilfield wastewater on microbial population of Cawthorne Channel in Rivers State, Nigeria”. ACTA Scientific Microbiology. 6 (2022): 52-58.
  12. Cheesbrough, M. “District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries”. Part 2, Cambridge University Press, London, UK. (2005): 143-156.
  13. Holt, JG., et al. “Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology”. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. (1994): 151-157.
  14. Barnett HL and Hunter BB. “Illustrated genera of imperfecti fungi”. 4th APS Press, St Paul, Minnesota, USA (1998): 218.

Citation

Citation: Ariyo Adenike Bosede and Obire Omokaro. “Microbiological Quality of Roasted Cowhide Meat (‘Ponmo’) Processed and Sold in Some Abattoirs in Bayelsa and Rivers States". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.7 (2022): 64-70.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Ariyo Adenike Bosede and Obire Omokaro. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In






News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is November 30, 2022.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US