Dengue Fever Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, Prevention and Control in Ethiopia
Abas Mahammed1*, Ziad Abdilahi2 and Mohammed Arab3
1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health and Medical Science, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
2Department of Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
3Department of Public Health, College of Health and Medical Science, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Abas Mahammed, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health and Medical Science, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia.
September 17, 2020; Published: May 18, 2022
Dengue fever is a mosquito born viral disease emerging as a global public health threat in many parts of the world. Dengue is among one of the arbo-viral diseases, included in the list of neglected tropical diseases, recommended by World Health Organization. Dengue fever remains to be a major health problem in tropical and subtropical areas. In Ethiopia, Dengue Fever is a newly emerged disease since 2013. Starting from 2014 to 2016 dengue fever outbreak was reported from different part of Ethiopia. Even though the outbreak was reported, the outbreak data was not well documented and recorded, which is very significant for the epidemiological and health information provision as a cornerstone for the health care systems to make possible preventive and curative measures for the coming dengue fever outbreak. An early diagnosis of dengue infection is very important in the management of the disease. Ethiopia, thrive the scope of the existing Malaria Control Program to include Vector-Borne Diseases; initiate dengue and other arboviral diseases surveillance by establishing sentinel sites at health centers and hospitals in the most affected areas of Dire Dawa, Afar and Somali Regions. There is no specific antibiotic (drug) for the treatment dengue fever. Dengvaxia® (CYD-TDV), was the first dengue vaccine, developed by Sanofi and has now been approved by regulatory authorities in 20 countries for use in endemic settings in persons ranging from 9-45 years of age. For dengue fever and sever dengue fever, an experienced physicians and nurses who can give medical care with the effects and progression of the disease can decreasing mortality rates and save lives.
Keywords:Dengue Fever; Dengue Epidemiology; Pathogenesis; Vector; Ethiopia
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