Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 4

Infection and Non-infection Cause of Diarrhea in Child Patients an Oncological Clinic

Mariia Gennadievna Shvydkaia1*, Alexander Mikhailovich Zatevalov1, Sergei Dmitrievich Mitrokhin2, Jamilya Temirlanovna Dzhandarova3 and Pavel Sergeevich Mayorov4

1G.N. Gabrichevsky Research Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology, Rospotrebnadzor, Moscow, Russia

2SBIH Vorohobov’s City Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russia

3Diagnostic Clinical Center, Moscow, Russia

4P.A. Stolypin Ulyanovsk State Agrarian University, Ulyanovsk, Russia

*Corresponding Author: Mariia Gennadievna Shvydkaia, G.N. Gabrichevsky Research Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology, Rospotrebnadzor, Moscow, Russia.

Received: December 30, 2021; Published: March 18, 2022

Abstract

Diarrhea is one of the common symptoms in the treatment of cancer patients. Improving the preventive and therapeutic treatment of diarrhea can be made through a better understanding of risk factors for this disease in the pediatric oncology hospital. 503 stool samples of patients were examined by the bacteriological and ELISA methods (to determine the Clostridioides difficile toxin A/B) in feces followed by analysis of 187 case histories of these patients retrospectively. Clostridioides difficile, Clostridium perfringens, Klebsiella sp., Citrobacter sp., Enterobacter sp., Enterococcus sp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause diarrhea in children, particularly in patients of pediatric oncological hospital. There is a significant change in the composition of intestinal flora in patients with diarrhea; especially important is a decrease in Escherichia coli. The effect of nitroimidazoles (metronidazole) on the development of diarrhea in a pediatric oncological hospital was noted. Stool samples from all patients at the pediatric oncological center who have diarrhea, and especially those receiving chemotherapy and nitroimidazoles (metronidazole), should be regularly sent for testing to determine the exact cause of the diarrhea.

Keywords: Diarrhea; Children; Chemotherapy; Microbiome; Clostridioides difficile Infection

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Citation

Citation: Mariia Gennadievna Shvydkaia., et al. “Infection and Non-infection Cause of Diarrhea in Child Patients an Oncological Clinic". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.4 (2022): 81-90.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Mariia Gennadievna Shvydkaia., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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