Behavior of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents. Cuba. 2016-2020
Alba Cortes Alfaro1*, Dra Damarys Chacón O'farrill2 and Ramón Suarez Medina3
1First Degree Specialist in Gynecology, Second Degree Specialist in Gynecology, Second Degree Specialist in Integral General Medicine, Master's Degree in Comprehensive Care for Women, Assistant Professor, Policlinico Luis Augusto Turcios Lima, Mayabeque, Cuba
2Second Grade Specialist in School Hygiene, Master of Science, Assistant Researcher, Auxiliary, National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba
3Specialist of 1st Degree in Biostatistics, Professor and Researcher, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Alba Cortes Alfaro, First Degree Specialist in Gynecology, Second Degree Specialist in Gynecology, Second Degree Specialist in Integral General Medicine, Master's Degree in Comprehensive Care for Women, Assistant Professor, Policlinico Luis Augusto Turcios Lima, Mayabeque, Cuba.
January 13, 2022; Published: March 16, 2022
Introduction: Adolescence has traditionally been defined as the age of transit between childhood and adulthood (10 to 19 years of age). During this stage, the risk of sexually transmitted infections increases, affecting sexual and reproductive health. The problem of STIs is a global concern and Cuba does not escape this reality.
Method: Retrospective descriptive study of the total number of cases of adolescents diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections in Cuba in the period from 2016 to 2020. The information was obtained from the statistical information system of the Ministry of Public Health.
Results: the total number of cases diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections (syphilis, gonorrhea, condyloma acuminate and genital herpes) were 13,756 adolescents during the years analyzed. The female sex was the most affected in the infections studied except in gonorrhea infection. A decrease in the incidence of cases was observed in the years studied.
Conclusions: Tendency to decrease infection by Syphilis, Condyloma Acuminate, Gonorrhea and Genital Herpes Simplex in adolescents in Cuba in the period 2016-2020. The female sex was the most affected for these infections studied.
Keywords: Adolescence; Sexually Transmitted Infections
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