Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 3

Gross and Histopathological Lesions Associated with Escherichia coli Infection in Chickens Examined, At Ecwa Veterinary Clinic, Bukuru, Plateau State, Nigeria

Barde Israel Joshua1*, Lar Richard Nanchak2, Agbi Christiana Ayo2, Barde Dorcas Jummai3, Logyang Lot Emmanuel1, Isa Suleiman1, Umoru Mada Alesa1, Ugbe Aondona Dominic1, Choji Tobias Peter Pwajok1, Dashe Yakubu Gunya1 and Ishaku Leo Elisha1

1National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
2Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria
3Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:Barde Israel Joshua, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Received: January 04, 2022; Published: February 25, 2022

Abstract

Colibacillosis is a common bacterial disease of economic importance in poultry through decreasing the infected birds’ productivity, increase mortality, condemnation of infected carcasses at slaughter and prophylactic and treatment cost and is report worldwide. Information on gross lesion and histopathological associated with natural Colibacillosis in chicken in Nigeria is scanty, hence the need for this study. The outcome of the study may become useful information on the gross and histopathological lesions of importance to students and as well to poultry diagnosticians on the risk and possible threat posed by E. coli infection in chicken. The study was conducted at ECWA Veterinary Clinic Bukuru in Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria. The sample comprise of mortalities brought to ECWA Veterinary Clinic for postmortem examination. The suspected cases of colibacillosis in the chicken were identified based on the clinical signs and gross lesions after following a though postmortem examination of birds and laboratory isolation of Escherichia coli. The gross and histopathology lesion associated with colibacillosis as observed from various chickens, showed as follows: thick fibrin layer attached to the liver, Fibrinious deposit on the air sac (air saculitis), necrotic foci on kidney, enlargement and congestion of spleen, thick fibrin layer attached to heart (pericarditis), thick fibrin layer attached to liver (perihepatitis), enlargement of the spleen (splenomegaly), broken egg in the abdominal cavity (egg yolk peritonitis and salpingitis). The histopathological lesions associated with colibacillosis revealed multifocal necrosis along with depletion of the lymphoid cells, glomerulonephritis, the intestinal villi showed a sloughing and necrotic villi, necrotic hepatocytes, and necrosis of the renal tubules. Evidence from the findings of the study shows that colibacillosis exist around Bukuru, Jos South Local Government Area of Plateau State. In view of the above, Battery cage system is recommended to reduce feed and water contamination with faecal material and strict bio security is advocated.

Keywords: Avian Colibacillosis; Diagnosis; Bukuru; Nigeria

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Citation

Citation: Barde Israel Joshua., et al. “Gross and Histopathological Lesions Associated with Escherichia coli Infection in Chickens Examined, At Ecwa Veterinary Clinic, Bukuru, Plateau State, Nigeria”.Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.3 (2022): 74-81.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Barde Israel Joshua., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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