Nwagwu SAJ, Obiajuru IOC*, Ibebuike JI and Vincent CC
Department of Nursing Science, Imo State University, Orlu Campus, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Obiajuru IOC, Department of Nursing Science, Imo State University, Orlu Campus, Nigeria.
Received: January 18, 2022; Published: February 18, 2022
The study was carried out to determine the prevalence of measles amongst children in Imo State University Teaching Hospital (IMSUTH) Orlu. The aim of the study is to provide data on the prevalence of measles among children (0-5years) in IMSUTH, to determine the most affected age group, to identify the most prevalent complication of measles and to find out the month with the highest incidence rate. It exposes the prevalence of measles in Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu, assesses the magnitude and severity of the disease and provides a template that will help relate to mothers where this condition is prevalent. A descriptive epidemiological study on the prevalence of measles among children (0-5) attending IMSUTH 2014 to 2018. 14,712 children reported to the hospital with different ailments within this period, out of this population, 419 children had measles which was used as the sample size for the study. Computer check list, data complication form and calculator were used as instruments for this study. Data collected was analyzed using tables, figures, and graphs. Out of 14,712 cases, 419 (2.8%) presented with measles in the five years study. The prevalence of measles was highest between January –December 2014 and least between January-December 2018. The gender prevalence of measles showed measles occurring more in males (49.7%) than females (50.3%). It occurred in children between the ages of 1-2years (30.8%) and the peak month incidence was seen in January (18.4%), May (66%), February (11.2%) and December (11%). Some patients developed a form of complications of which bronchopneumonia was the highest (75%), while some who were immunized still presented with the disease (27.5%). In conclusion, measles complications can be reduced by immunization. Vitamin A also helps susceptible children prevent complications.
Keywords:Measles; Nigeria; Children
Citation: Obiajuru IOC., et al. “Prevalence of Measles Amongst Children (0 - 5 Years) Attending Imo State University Teaching Hospital (Imsuth), Orlu". Acta Scientific Microbiology 5.3 (2022): 45-51.
Copyright: © 2022 Obiajuru IOC., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.