Sulfated Polysaccharide from Marine Red Microalga Porphyridium
against SARS-CoV-2 - A Mini-Review
Abdulaziz Radhi S Aljohni1*, Ahad Amer Alsaiari2, Omar Abdulrhman Alfaroq3, Azeza Abdulrhman Alfaroqie3, Abdulrahman Alhomadi
Alanezi4, Majed Saad Alahmadi5, Tariq Ibrahim Alhazmy6, Ameenah Mualla Saad Alharbi7 and Bandar Mulfi Alluqmani8
1Phd Microbiology, Department of Laboratory at King Fahad Hospital, Saudi Arabia
2College of Applied Medical Science, Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Laboratory at King Fahad Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
4Chief Technologist of Laboratory, King Fahad Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
5MSc in Biomedical Science (Blood Science) at Madina Regional Laboratory and Central Blood Bank, Saudi Arabia
6MSc Laboratory Histopathology at Al-Qunfudhah Health Regional Laboratory, Saudi Arabia
7Nursing Specialist, North Makkah Health Sector, Saudi Arabia
8Laboratory Technician Microbiology, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Abdulaziz Radhi S Aljohni, Phd Microbiology, Department of Laboratory at King Fahad Hospital, Saudi Arabia.
January 13, 2022; Published: February 11, 2022
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which is transmitted from person to person. Even though felids are the most common hosts of T. gondii, encysted parasites can survive in the tissues of almost any host for an extended period, possibly even for the rest of their lives. Certain clinical cases are the consequence of fresh T. gondii exposures, whereas others are the result of parasites in tissue cysts becoming reactivated, as has happened in some cases recently. Among warm-blooded species, including humans, T. gondii infection is frequent. In immunocompetent, non-pregnant persons who are not pregnant, infection usually results in no sickness or just moderate clinical signs. In contrast, infections acquired during pregnancy can result in minor to severe congenital abnormalities in the fetus, and immunocompromised humans or animals can have severe, life-threatening diseases as a result of these infections. Serious and life-threatening infections in immunocompetent adults in French Guiana and Suriname have recently raised the prospect that some extremely virulent strains of Toxoplasma gondii may occur in tropical woods, according to new findings.
Keywords: Toxoplasmosis; Protozoan Parasite; Toxoplasma gondii; Pathogenesis; History; Cats and Toxoplasmosis; Effect on Pregnancy
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