Leptospirosis: A Neglected Zoonosis of Public Health Concern
Mahendra Pal1*, Adugna Girma Lema2 and Harsh Kumar Sharma3
1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, Gujarat, India
2Yemalog Walal Woreda Livestock and Fishery Development and Resource Office, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Jammu, India
*Corresponding Author: Mahendra Pal, Professor, Founder Director of Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, Gujarat, India.
Received: August 06, 2021; Published: September 23, 2021
Leptospirosis is an important emerging and re-emerging zoonotic disease that is spread worldwide by pathogenic species of the bacterium genus Leptospira. The disease is commonly reported especially in tropical and subtropical areas. Leptospirosis is a neglected tropical zoonotic disease that is rapidly becoming a major public health issue around the world. Leptospirosis has emerged as a prominent cause of acute febrile disease in many developing nations due to neglect, rapid, unplanned urbanization, and poor sanitation. Although it has been stated that leptospirosis is the most frequent zoonotic illness, it is thought to be underreported due to the non-specificity of clinical symptoms and the lack of laboratory confirmation in endemic areas. A wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from asymptomatic infection to fulminant, deadly disease, is characteristic of the disease. Laboratory help is needed to confirm an unequivocal diagnosis of leptospirosis. Antibacterial antibiotics are used to treat the acute illness in the patient. This mini review includes all current information on leptospirosis, including its etiology, transmission, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and preventative measures.
Keywords: Leptospirosis; Neglected Zoonosis; Public Health; Reservoir; Worldwide
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