Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review ArticleVolume 4 Issue 10

Growing Role of Arcobacters as an Emerging Potential Pathogen of Humans and Animals

Mahendra Pal1*, Mridula Devrani2, Adugna Girma Lema3 and Leena Gowda4

1Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, Gujarat, India
2National Commodities and Derivatives Exchange, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India
3Yemalog Walal Woreda Livestock and Fishery Development and Resource Office, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
4Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, KVAFSU, Veterinary College, Hebbal, Bangaluru, India

*Corresponding Author: Mahendra Pal, Professor, Founder Director of Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, Anand, Gujarat, India.

Received: August 25, 2021; Published: September 20, 2021

Citation: Mahendra Pal., et al. “Growing Role of Arcobacters as an Emerging Potential Pathogen of Humans and Animals". Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.10 (2021): 63-67.

Abstract

  Arcobacters are recognized as emerging pathogens, and are reported from many countries of the world. In diverse parts of the world, Arcobacters have been found in domestic animals (cattle, pigs, sheep, horses, and dogs), reptiles (lizards, snakes), meat (poultry, pork, goat, lamb, beef, and rabbit), vegetables, and humans. Arcobacter infections are spread generally through the contaminated food and water. Arcobacters have been related to human bacteremia, endocarditis, peritonitis, gastroenteritis, and diarrhea, as well as animal diarrhea, mastitis, and miscarriage. Clinical disorders are mostly related with three species namely A. butzleri, A. cryaerophilus, and A. skirrowii. The infection can take two forms: sporadic and epidemic. Exogenous infection is the predominant method of transmission, with ingestion as the primary source of infection. The laboratory help is required to establish the diagnosis of infection. Strategies should be planned to prevent the infection in humans as well as animals.

Keywords: Animals; Arcobacters; Bacteria; Emerging Pathogen; Food; Humans

Bibliography

  1. Figueras M., et al. “A severe case of persistent diarrhea associated with Arcobacter cryaerophilus but attributed to Campylobacter and a review of the clinical incidence of Arcobacter spp”. Journal of New Microbes New Infection 2 (2014): 31-37.
  2. Ottaviani D., et al. “Bioaccumulation Experiments in Mussels Contaminated with the Food Borne Pathogen Arcobacter butzleri”. Journal of Biomedical Research International 15 (2013): 1377-1386.
  3. Jacob J., et al. “Isolation of Arcobacter butzleri from a drinking water reservoir in Eastern Germany”. Zentralblatt for hygiene and Umweltmedizin 193 (1993): 557-562.
  4. Yildiz H and Aydin S. “Pathological effects of Arcobacter cryaerophilus infection in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum)”. Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 54 (2006): 191-199.
  5. Vandamme P., et al. “Outbreak of recurrent abdominal cramps associated with Arcobacter butzleri in an Italian school”. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 30 (1992): 2335-2337.
  6. Lauwers S., et al. “Arcobacter butzleri in the elderly in Belgium”. In Campylobacters, Helicobacters, and Related Organisms. Springer, Boston, MA. (1996): 515-518).
  7. Debruyne L., et al. “Taxonomy of the family Campylobacteraceae”. In: Nachamkin I, Szymanski C, Blaser M, editors. Campylobacter. Washington (DC): ASM press 3 (2008): 3-25.
  8. Stacey S., et al. “Isolation of Arcobacter butzleri from a neonate with bacteremia”. Journal of Infectious 31 (1995): 225-227.
  9. D'sa EM and Harrison MA. “Effect of pH, NaCl content, and temperature on growth and survival of Arcobacter spp”. Journal of Food Protection68 (2005): 18-25.
  10. Ho H., et al. “Arcobacter, what is known and unknown about a potential food-borne zoonotic agent”. Journal of Veterinary Microbiology 115 (2006): 1-13.
  11. Ferreira S., et al. “Insights in the pathogenesis and resistance of Arcobacter: a review”. Journal of Critical Review Microbiology 42 (2016): 364-383.
  12. Shah AH., et al. “Prevalence and distribution of Arcobacter spp. in raw milk and retail raw beef”. Journal of Food Protection 75 (2012): 1474-1478.
  13. Rahimi E., et al. “Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Arcobacter species isolated from poultry meat in Iran”. Journal of British Poultry Science55 (2014): 174-180.
  14. Atabay H., et al. “Detection and diversity of various Arcobacter species in Danish poultry”. International Journal of Food Microbiology 109 (2006): 139-145.
  15. Yan JJ., et al. “Arcobacter butzleri bacteremia in a patient with liver cirrhosis”. Journal of Formosan Medical Association 99 (2000): 166-169.
  16. Khoshbakht R., et al. “Occurrence of Arcobacter in Iranian poultry and slaughterhouse samples implicates contamination by processing equipment and procedures”. British Poultry Science55 (2014): 732-736.
  17. Collado L and Figueras MJ. “Taxonomy, epidemiology, and clinical relevance of the genus Arcobacter”. Clinical Microbiology Reviews24 (2011): 174-192.
  18. Aguilar CN and Carvajal-Millan E. Applied Food Science and Engineering with Industrial Applications. CRC Press (2019). 
  19. Samie A., et al. “Prevalence of Campylobacter species, Helicobacter pylori and Arcobacter species in stool samples from the Venda region, Limpopo, South Africa: studies using molecular diagnostic methods”. Journal of Infection54 (2007): 558-566.
  20. Kabeya H., et al. “Distribution of Arcobacter species among livestock in Japan”. Journal of Veterinary Microbiology 93 (2003): 153-158.
  21. Vanden Berg DA., et al. “The Victoria-Regina stellar models: evolutionary tracks and isochrones for a wide range in mass and metallicity that allow for empirically constrained amounts of convective core overshooting”. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 162 (2006): 375.
  22. Chieffi D., et al. “Arcobacter butzleri: Up‐to‐date taxonomy, ecology, and pathogenicity of an emerging pathogen”. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 19 (2020): 2071-2109.

Copyright: © 2021 Mahendra Pal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is October 20, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US