Acta Scientific Microbiology (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Review ArticleVolume 4 Issue 10

Wastewater Treatment and Biofuel Generation Using Algae: An Overview

Shirjeel Ahmad Siddiqui*

Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

*Corresponding Author: Shirjeel Ahmad Siddiqui, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.

Received: July 26, 2021; Published: September 15, 2021

Citation: Shirjeel Ahmad Siddiqui. “Wastewater Treatment and Biofuel Generation Using Algae: An Overview". Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.10 (2021): 40-44.

Abstract

  A large number of organic and inorganic substances are released in the environment on daily basis due to human activities; the waste could be of domestic, agricultural or industrial origin. When the waste is in the form of sewage either of industries or that originated from domestic and agricultural practices, it is needed to be treated before its discharge or disposal into the environment because such a practice can cause serious health issues to humans and a severe damage to flora, fauna and biodiversity. As a remedy, wastewater treatment plants have been in use from about l50 years which treats the sewage for its further safer discharge in the water bodies. Wastewater Treatment plants are run and controlled by the governing bodies on a very large scale and are also setup in industries for treating industrial effluents.

Microorganisms are widely used in treatment of wastewater during secondary and tertiary treatment process and mainly involve species of bacteria and fungi. In this review, the use of algae in wastewater treatment has been described and it also focuses on how biofuels can be generated using the same.

Keywords: Wastewater Treatment; Algae; Biofuel

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Copyright: © 2021 Shirjeel Ahmad Siddiqui. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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