Tari Vinaya Satyawan Savitri*
University of Mumbai, Sub-Centre Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author: Tari Vinaya Satyawan Savitri, University of Mumbai, Sub-Centre Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India.
Received: March 29, 2021; Published: May 07, 2021
Citation: Tari Vinaya Satyawan Savitri. “Radioactive Pollution in Drinking Water”. Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.6 (2021): 03-04.
A radionuclide or radioisotope is an atom that has the same atomic number but different atomic mass i.e. same number of electrons and protons and a different number of neutrons e.g. 12C6, 13C6, 14C6. They are carrying excess nuclear energy by which they are unstable in the environment. This excess energy can be used in different ways such as either direct emission from the nucleus in the form of Gamma (γ) radiations or it may be transferred to one of its electrons which is released as a conversion electron or it can be used to emit new particles viz. Alpha (α) and Beta (β) particles from the nucleus itself. This process of energy conversion is known as radioactive decay.
Copyright: © 2021 Tari Vinaya Satyawan Savitri. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.