Ahmad M Qumri*, Salah El-Deen M Abo-Aba and Faisal MB Al-Sarraj
Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Ahmad M Qumri, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Received: December 04, 2020; Published: December 22, 2020
Different researchers for their antimicrobial and antioxidant potential have explored essential oils. The oils are derived through steam distillation of target plants using ancient Arabian techniques to produce extracts with medicinal uses. However, their method of action against microbes is not as well understood as that of antibiotics. The problem of antibiotic resistance has further increased interest in studying essential oil and medical efficacy. Efforts to understand antimicrobial activity have focused on the disk diffusion method and their effectiveness measured using the minimum inhibitory concentration. The Kingdom has numerous flora, including herbs and aromatic flora, whose potential in native medicine should be explored. This review provides a detailed analysis of some medicinal uses of essential oil, as evidenced in past studies to show multifold biological activities of these oils. While many studies report the antimicrobial potency of essential oil, none, to the best of our knowledge, focuses on essential oils' chemical characterization from Saudi Arabia. This review aims to explore the antibacterial properties of several essential oils used in Saudi domestic markets against specific bacterial pathogens. The analysis will reveal the need for more studies to characterize the essential oils in Saudi Arabia and ensure their safety, effectiveness, and drug interactions.
Keywords: Essential Oil; Aromatic Plants; Antibacterial Activity; Bacteria
Citation: Ahmad M Qumri., et al. “A Review: Antibacterial Activity of Several Essential Oils Used in Saudi Domestic Markets Against Certain Bacterial Pathogens". Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.1 (2021): 96-102.
Copyright: © 2021 Ahmad M Qumri., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.