Sukanya Sudhaharan1, Kanne Padmaja2*, Padmasri Chavali3 and Vijay Dharma Teja4
1Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3Lab Technician, Department of Microbiology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4Professor and HOD, Department of Microbiology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding Author: Kanne Padmaja, Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
Received: June 22, 2020; Published: August 26, 2020
Introduction: Infections due to Clostridium spp is most often seen in traumatic injuries, surgery, malignancy and underlying immunocompromised conditions. Gas gangrene, the clinical manifestation of Clostridium spp is a diffuse necrotizing infection of deep soft tissues. The infection can develop rapidly following any trauma that compromises the blood supply and is characterized by high mortality. Early Identification of the signs and symptoms in these patients would help in the management and reduce mortality associated with this infection. In this review we presented a series of cases with infection due to Clostridium spp after trauma.
Materials and Methods: Twelve cases of Clostridium perfringens infections were analysed from our Institute prospectively during the period of 2012 - 2019 (duration of 8 years). The tissue samples from the cases were subjected to direct Gram stain and further inoculated aerobically on Chromogenic agar and 5% sheep blood agar. Anaerobic inoculation was done on 5% sheep blood agar and incubated into anaerobic pouch.
Results: The median age of the patients were 31 years. All the patients were males. The patients had sustained injury due to road traffic accident (RTA). 5/12 patients had Grade 3 compound fracture of leg, 1/12 patient had injury extending up to thigh, 5/12 patients had crush injury of lower limb, 1/12 patient had crush injury of upper limb.
Escherichia coli was the predominant aerobic organism isolated in 7/12 of the patients. The patients were treated surgically with below knee amputation in 10/12, below elbow amputation in 1/12, above knee amputation in 1/12 of patients. All the patients were treated with intravenous penicillin G10 U/day. Eleven patients were discharged in stable condition with advise to follow up. The patient with above knee amputation succumbed to the infection in spite of the treatment.
Conclusion: From this study we conclude that early clinical suspicion and microbiological diagnosis helps in the proper management of the patients. Careful and adequate treatment along with antibiotics and all other supportive treatments should be instituted immediately will avoid further deterioration and reduce the mortality in these patients.
Keywords: Toxins Deep Tissue Infection; Virulent; Muscle Necrosis; Trauma
Citation: Kanne Padmaja., et al. “Clinical and Microbiological Spectrum of Clostridial Myonecrosis from a Tertiary Care Centre". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.9 (2020): 47-52.
Copyright: © 2020 Kanne Padmaja., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.