Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI) (ISSN: 2581-3226)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 6

Determinants of Pre-Anemia among Healthy University Students

Muamar MA Shaheen1* and Islam Hassouneh2

1Faculty of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine
2Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Informatics, Palestine Polytechnic University (PPU), Hebron, Palestine

*Corresponding Author: Muamar MA Shaheen, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine.

Received: April 04, 2020; Published: May 28, 2020

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Abstract

Background: Hemoglobin levels might not predict pre-anemic states neither do they predict signs and symptoms of iron deficiency in healthy people.

Poor dietary habits along with other risk factors might predict risk of developing anemia.

Aims: We aim at determining the risk factors associated with prediction of pre-anemia and the level of awareness of anemia among students.

Methods: This is a cross- sectional study where capillary blood samples were collected from a random sample of 200 healthy university students on campus during February 2018. Hematocrit and hemoglobin values were determined for all students. A previously validated questionnaire was distributed on participants to collect social, health and dietary data.

Results: The prevalence of Iron Deficiency Anemia among students was 22%. It was shown that students dietary habits had a moderate effect on Iron Deficiency Anemia, arithmetic mean ± SD was (2.97 ± 0.54). There was 1.3 - 2.1 folds increase in risk of Iron Deficiency Anemia for students with poor dietary habits. Almost 57% of students who have low hemoglobin levels have normal Body Mass Index (BMI). On the other hand, 22.7% of students who have low hemoglobin levels were either overweight or obese. There was a significance difference in anemia prevalence (α = 0.002) between underweight and overweight groups. The level of awareness of major aspects of anemia ranged from moderate to high, mean ± SD (2.44 ± 1.35) to (3.88 ± 1.14).

Conclusion: Overweight, poor dietary habits as related to iron intake and low level of awareness of anemia were associated with high prevalence of pre-and/or anemic states. Whether eating disorder lead to anemia or anemia lead to eating behavior disorder, need to be investigated.

Keywords: Hemoglobin Level; Iron-Deficiency Anemia; Iron-Rich Diet; Eating Behavior

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Citation

Citation: Muamar MA Shaheen and Islam Hassouneh. “Determinants of Pre-Anemia among Healthy University Students". Acta Scientific Microbiology 3.6 (2020): 127-133.



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